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柽柳生物炭对滨海盐渍土咸水入渗特征的影响研究

刘淙琮 董心亮 郭凯 程东娟 孙宏勇

刘淙琮, 董心亮, 郭凯, 程东娟, 孙宏勇. 柽柳生物炭对滨海盐渍土咸水入渗特征的影响研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1194−1202 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578
引用本文: 刘淙琮, 董心亮, 郭凯, 程东娟, 孙宏勇. 柽柳生物炭对滨海盐渍土咸水入渗特征的影响研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1194−1202 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578
LIU C C, DONG X L, GUO K, CHENG D J, SUN H Y. Effect of Tamarix ramosissima biochar on infiltration characteristics of saline water in coastal saline soil[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1194−1202 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578
Citation: LIU C C, DONG X L, GUO K, CHENG D J, SUN H Y. Effect of Tamarix ramosissima biochar on infiltration characteristics of saline water in coastal saline soil[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1194−1202 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578

柽柳生物炭对滨海盐渍土咸水入渗特征的影响研究

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210578
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划课题(2021YFD1900904)、河北省自然科学基金项目(D2019503071)和河北省重点研发计划项目(21326408D, 20327002D)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘淙琮, 主要研究方向为农业水土资源与环境研究。E-mail: 1220981719@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    孙宏勇, 主要研究方向为农田水盐运移过程及调控研究。E-mail: hysun@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: S156.4+2

Effect of Tamarix ramosissima biochar on infiltration characteristics of saline water in coastal saline soil

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Project (2021YFD1900904), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (D2019503071) and Hebei Province Key R&D Project (21326408D, 20327002D).
More Information
  • 摘要: 由于生物炭具有较高的孔隙度和有机碳含量, 故在盐渍化土壤改良方面潜力巨大。然而, 利用盐生植物柽柳制备的生物炭改良盐渍化土壤以探究其对盐渍化土壤咸水入渗特征影响的研究尚少。本研究采用室内土柱模拟入渗的方法, 研究柽柳生物炭添加量(质量分数为0、1.1%和3.3%)和不同矿化度咸水(0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1)对盐渍土水分入渗特性及水盐分布规律的影响。研究表明: 1)随生物炭添加量以及咸水矿化度的增加, 湿润锋运移时间缩短34.40%~85.85%, 入渗率增大6.71%~87.30%; 添加生物炭对盐渍土水分入渗特性的影响程度大于咸水矿化度。2)生物炭的添加使水分入渗后0~10 cm土壤的含水量增加1.29%~9.23%。3)水分入渗后, 0~40 cm土壤含盐量与初始土壤含盐量相比显著降低, 且盐渍土含盐量随入渗咸水矿化度的增大有上升趋势, 但不显著; 含盐量在深度50~60 cm处达最高, 且随生物炭含量以及咸水矿化度的升高而显著增加, 与淡水入渗后未添加生物炭的对照相比增加5.21%~35.11%。综上, 不同矿化度咸水入渗条件下, 柽柳生物炭的添加可以加速盐渍化土壤的盐分淋洗, 并随生物炭添加量的增加其淋洗效果明显增强, 本研究中生物炭添加量为3.3%时的效果最优。此结果可为生物炭合理施用以及滨海地区咸水资源利用提供必要的理论依据。
  • 图  1  试验装置示意图

    1: 试验台; 2: 进气口; 3: 马氏瓶; 4: 进水口; 5: 出水口; 6: 2 cm水层; 7: 土柱。1: test stand; 2: air inlet; 3: Markov bottle; 4: water inlet; 5: water outlet; 6: 2 cm water layer; 7: soil column.

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of the test device

    图  2  添加生物炭下不同矿化度咸水在盐渍土的湿润锋运移时间变化

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。同一土壤深度不同字母表示同一咸水矿化度下不同生物炭添加量间在P<0.05水平差异显著。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the addition amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively. Different letters in the same soil depth represent significant differences among different biochar addition amounts under the same salinity of salt water at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  2.  Changes of moisture front migration time of saline water with different salinities in saline soil with different amounts biochar addition

    图  3  生物炭添加量及咸水矿化度与湿润锋运移时间之间的相关性

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the addition amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively.

    Figure  3.  Correlation between biochar addition amount or salinity of salt water and wet front migration time

    图  4  添加生物炭下不同矿化度咸水在盐渍土的入渗率随深度变化

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。同一土壤深度不同字母表示同一咸水矿化度下不同生物炭添加量间在 P<0.05水平差异显著。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the additon amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively. Different letters in the same soil depth represent significant differences among different biochar addition amounts under the same salinity of salt water at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  4.  Infiltration rates of saline water with different salinities in different depths of soils with different addition amounts of biochar

    图  5  添加生物炭下不同矿化度咸水入渗后盐渍土的含水量随深度的变化

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。同一土壤深度不同字母表示同一咸水矿化度下不同生物炭添加量间在P<0.05水平差异显著。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the additon amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively. Different letters in the same soil depth represent significant differences among different biochar addition amounts under the same salinity of salt water at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  5.  Water contents at different depths of saline soil after infiltration of saline water with different salinities under different addition amounts of biochar

    图  6  添加生物炭下不同矿化度咸水入渗后盐渍土的含盐量随深度的变化

    S0、S5和S10分别表示咸水矿化度为0 g∙L−1、5 g∙L−1和10 g∙L−1, B0、B1和B3分别表示生物炭添加量0、1.1%和3.3%。同一土壤深度不同字母表示同一咸水矿化度下不同生物炭添加量间在P<0.05水平差异显著。S0, S5 and S10 indicate the salt water salinities of 0, 5 and 10 g∙L−1, respectively. B0, B1 and B3 indicate the addition amounts of biochar of 0, 1.1% and 3.3%, respectively. Different letters in the same soil depth represent significant differences among different biochar addition amounts under the same salinity of salt water at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  6.  Changes of salt content with depth of saline soil after saline water infiltration with different salinities under different addition amounts of biochar

    表  1  地下咸水及不同矿化度咸水离子组成

    Table  1.   Ions composition of saline groundwater and the tested salt water with different salinities

    总盐 Total saltHCO3ClSO42−Ca2+Mg2+K++Na+
    g∙kg−1 
    地下咸水
    Saline groundwater
    9.740.156.180.070.080.213.05
    5 g∙L−1咸水
    5 g∙L−1 saline water
    5.250.033.130.040.020.012.03
    10 g∙L−1咸水
    10 g∙L−1 saline water
    10.510.066.250.090.040.014.05
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  生物炭添加量和咸水矿化度与咸水入渗率间的双因素方差分析

    Table  2.   Two-factor analysis of variance between biochar addition amount, salt water salinity and infiltration rate

    因素
    Factor
    自由度
    Degree of freedom
    FF-valueSig
    10 cm处入渗率
    Infiltration
    rate at 10 cm
    40 cm处入渗率
    Infiltration
    rate at 40 cm
    A215.0918.340.00
    B237.6250.310.00
    A×B41.904.110.00
      A为咸水矿化度, B为生物炭添加量。A is salinity of salt water; B is addition amount of biochar.
    下载: 导出CSV
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