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实现地下水压采目标的精准控灌决策支持系统研究

王鸿玺 李红军 齐永青 董增波 李飞 阎超 邵立威 张喜英

王鸿玺, 李红军, 齐永青, 董增波, 李飞, 阎超, 邵立威, 张喜英. 实现地下水压采目标的精准控灌决策支持系统研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(1): 138−152 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210676
引用本文: 王鸿玺, 李红军, 齐永青, 董增波, 李飞, 阎超, 邵立威, 张喜英. 实现地下水压采目标的精准控灌决策支持系统研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(1): 138−152 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210676
WANG H X, LI H J, QI Y Q, DONG Z B, LI F, YAN C, SHAO L W, ZHANG X Y. Development of a decision support system for irrigation management to control groundwater withdrawal[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(1): 138−152 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210676
Citation: WANG H X, LI H J, QI Y Q, DONG Z B, LI F, YAN C, SHAO L W, ZHANG X Y. Development of a decision support system for irrigation management to control groundwater withdrawal[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(1): 138−152 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210676

实现地下水压采目标的精准控灌决策支持系统研究

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210676
基金项目: 河北省节水科技创新专项(21326410D)和国网河北省电力有限公司项目(SGHEYX00SCJS2100077)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王鸿玺,主要从事用电信息采集及智能量测技术研究。E-mail: down_in_river@163.com

    通讯作者:

    张喜英, 主要从事农田节水机理与技术研究。E-mail: xyzhang@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: S158.2

Development of a decision support system for irrigation management to control groundwater withdrawal

Funds: The study was supported by the Innovation Project of Water-saving Science and Technology of Hebei Province (21326410D) and the Project of State Grid Hebei Electric Power Co., Ltd. (SGHEYX00SCJS2100077).
More Information
  • 摘要: 河北是我国重要的粮食主产省之一, 作物高产稳产严重依赖灌溉, 多年对地下水超采导致地下水位逐年下降, 威胁区域灌溉农业可持续发展。在地下水限采政策实施后, 如何实现地下水压采目标下利用有限灌水维持区域粮食生产能力, 对实现区域粮食安全和水资源可持续利用具有重要意义。本研究提出了依据国网河北电力公司对河北平原农用机井电气化改造实现的灌溉用电实时采集和计量, 通过“以电折水”换算, 根据用电数据调控地下水开采, 实现地下水开采总量控制, 满足地下水压采目标。在此基础上, 建立针对区域主要粮食作物冬小麦-夏玉米一年两熟有限供水下的优化灌水制度和灌水调控土壤主要耗水层水分下限指标, 通过提升限量供水下的水分利用效率, 维持限水条件下区域粮食生产能力。集成用电信息和限量灌溉决策指标, 形成确保地下水压采目标的精准控灌决策支持系统, 服务农业生产。该决策支持系统可在实现调控灌溉水量的同时, 进行优化灌溉决策, 既满足政府对区域地下水开采的调控需求, 也满足不同经营规模农户用水管理的需求, 具有良好的应用前景。
  • 图  1  根据河北省农业用水以电折水计量实施细则确定的浅层和深层地下水取水的电折水系数

    Figure  1.  Average coefficient for each unit electricity consumption (EWF) for uplifting unit volume of groundwater in shallow and deep groundwater pumping areas in Hebei Province based on the rules formulated by Hebei Hydraulic Bureau

    图  2  2007—2016年冬小麦和夏玉米开花期和成熟期及3种灌水制度下生物量、籽粒产量和生育期蒸散量的模拟和实测结果对比

    Figure  2.  Simulated and measured values of flowering and maturity time and biomass, grain yield, seasonal evapotranspiration under three irrigation schedules of winter wheat and summer maize during 2007−2016

    图  3  利用APSIM模型模拟3种灌水模式下2011—2016年冬小麦和夏玉米生长期间0~1 m土壤体积含水量变化动态(a: 充分灌水; b: 关键期灌溉; c: 最小灌溉)

    Figure  3.  Simulated and measured soil water contents for the top 1 m soil profile during 2011−2016 for winter wheat and maize under three irrigation schedules (a: full irrigation; b: critical stage irrigation; c: minimum irrigation)

    图  4  河北平原石家庄市栾城区利用APSIM模型模拟的年灌水总量210 mm条件下2009—2019年冬小麦和夏玉米生育期水量分配变化对两种作物产量的影响

    Figure  4.  Changes in grain yield for winter wheat and summer maize under different allocation of a limited total 210 mm irrigation water to two crops simulated by APSIM from 2009 to 2019 at Luancheng District of Shijiazhuang in the Hebei Plain

    图  5  利用APSIM模型模拟的2009—2019年河北平原石家庄市栾城区冬小麦生育期可用水量150 mm条件下灌水次数变化对冬小麦产量的影响(图中阴影部分表示95%置信区间的回归估计值)

    Figure  5.  Effects of irrigation frequency on grain yield of winter wheat under a limited total irrigation amount of 150 mm during the growing season from 2009 to 2019 at Luancheng District of Shijiazhuang of the Hebei Plain (the shaded part in the figure representing the regression estimate of the 95% confidence interval)

    图  6  利用APSIM模型模拟的有限灌水下冬小麦生育期土壤水分下限指标(0~1 m土层平均体积含水量)

    Figure  6.  Simulated soil volumetric water contents for the top 1 m soil profile during winter wheat growing seasons using APSIM to indicate the low limit for irrigation scheduling of winter wheat

    图  7  2018—2019年冬小麦和夏玉米最小灌溉(MI)、关键期灌溉(CI)和充分灌溉(FI)下叶面积指数、平均阶段日蒸散量和参考作物日蒸散量的变化

    Figure  7.  Changes in leaf area index, average daily evapotranspiration (ET) and reference crop ET for winter wheat and summer maize during 2018—2019 under full irrigation (FI), critical stage irrigation (CI) and minimum irrigation (MI)

    图  8  2018—2019年冬小麦和夏玉米生长季最小灌溉、关键期灌溉和充分灌溉下利用水量平衡方法模拟和测定的根层平均土壤体积含水量日变化

    Figure  8.  Simulated and measured daily average soil water contents for the major root zone profile of winter wheat and summer maize under minimum, critical stage and full irrigation schedules using the water-balance equation for the season of 2018−2019

    图  9  依托电力大数据的精准控灌决策支持系统工作流程框图

    Figure  9.  Precision irrigation decision system based on the electricity data in underground water pumping for implementation of limited groundwater withdraw scheme

    表  1  河北平原地下水超采区灌溉耕地面积和单位面积耕地可用水量

    Table  1.   Total irrigated land area and average available water amount for irrigation per cultivated land area in Hebei Plain

    区域
    Region
    地级市
    City
    灌溉耕地面积
    Irrigated farmland
    area (×104 hm2)
    单位耕地面积可用水量 Available water per area for irrigation (m3∙hm−2)
    平均值
    Average
    最低值(县)
    Lowest value (county)
    最高值(县、区、市)
    Highest value (county, district, city)
    山前平原区
    Piedmont plain
    石家庄 Shijiazhuang43.962589.02040 (高邑县 Gaoyi County)2955 (赞皇县 Zanhuang County)
    保定 Baoding57.252077.51367 (博野县 Boye County)2985 (满城区 Mancheng District)
    邢台 Xingtai58.131752.01229 (威县 Weixian County)2880 (沙河市 Shahe City)
    邯郸 Handan60.712041.51259 (曲周县 Quzhou County)2694 (磁县 Cixian County)
    中东部低平原区
    Central and eastern lower plain
    沧州 Cangzhou70.281191.0663 (沧县 Cangxian County)1919 (吴桥县 Wuqiao County)
    衡水 Hengshui57.251783.51019 (饶阳县 Yaoyang County)2309 (武强县 Wuqiang County)
    廊坊 Langfang30.121443.0753 (文安县 Wen’an County)2760 (香河县 Xianghe County)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  冬小麦和夏玉米不同生育期根深和充分供水下作物系数取值(根据栾城试验站田间试验结果确定)

    Table  2.   Root depths and crop coefficients of winter wheat and summer maize at different growing stages without water stress (results are obtained from Luancheng Station)

    作物
    Crop
    项目
    Item
    越冬前
    Before winter dormancy
    越冬期间
    Winter dormancy
    返青—拔节
    Recovery to jointing
    拔节—抽穗
    Jointing to heading
    抽穗—灌浆
    Heading to grain-filling
    成熟
    Maturity
    冬小麦
    Winter wheat
    根系主要耗水层
    Major soil depth for root water uptake (m)
    0~0.40~0.50~0.60~0.90~1.30~1.5
    作物系数
    Crop coefficient
    0.670.380.801.311.380.95
    作物
    Crop
    项目
    Item
    苗期
    Seedling
    5叶—大喇叭口
    Five- to nine-leaf
    大喇叭口—抽雄
    Nine-leaf to tasseling
    抽雄—灌浆
    Tasseling to grain-filling
    成熟期
    Maturity
    夏玉米
    Summer maize
    根系主要耗水层
    Major soil depth for root water uptake (m)
    0~0.40~0.50~0.60~0.80~1.0
    作物系数
    Crop coefficient
    0.590.901.211.181.10
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-11
  • 录用日期:  2021-11-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-16
  • 刊出日期:  2022-01-08

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