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生草对果园生态系统服务功能的影响: 全球数据整合分析研究

呼盼 高晓东 赵西宁 于流洋 何娜娜

呼盼, 高晓东, 赵西宁, 于流洋, 何娜娜. 生草对果园生态系统服务功能的影响: 全球数据整合分析研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(8): 1238−1248 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210752
引用本文: 呼盼, 高晓东, 赵西宁, 于流洋, 何娜娜. 生草对果园生态系统服务功能的影响: 全球数据整合分析研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(8): 1238−1248 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210752
HU P, GAO X D, ZHAO X N, YU L Y, HE N N. Effects of grassing on orchard ecosystem services: a global meta-analysis[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(8): 1238−1248 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210752
Citation: HU P, GAO X D, ZHAO X N, YU L Y, HE N N. Effects of grassing on orchard ecosystem services: a global meta-analysis[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(8): 1238−1248 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210752

生草对果园生态系统服务功能的影响: 全球数据整合分析研究

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210752
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2021YFD1900700)和陕西省杰出青年科学基金项目(2021JC-19)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    呼盼, 主要研究方向为农业水土资源高效利用, E-mail: 1966610618@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    高晓东, 主要研究方向为农业水土资源高效利用, E-mail: gao_xiaodong@nwafu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S665.9

Effects of grassing on orchard ecosystem services: a global meta-analysis

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2021YFD1900700) and Shaanxi Province National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (2021JC-19).
More Information
  • 摘要: 定量分析生草对果园生态系统服务功能的影响可为果园土壤管理与生草技术推广应用提供科学依据。本研究搜集了1996—2020年公开发表的相关文献118篇, 从中获得了1387组数据。利用整合分析(meta-analysis)定量研究了果园生草对供给(果实产量和品质)、调节(土壤水分、温度和有机碳)、支持(土壤全氮)等生态系统服务功能的影响, 并从海拔、气候、生草种类和果园类型4个方面阐述生草对果园生态系统服务影响的异质性。结果表明, 与清耕果园相比, 果园生草复合系统显著提高了果实产量与可溶性固形物含量等供给服务功能, 土壤有机碳含量与土壤含水量等调节服务功能, 及土壤全氮含量等支持服务功能, 5项指标的平均增长率分别为20.7%、5.1%、24.7%、8.1%和15.6%。生草对果实可滴定酸含量和土壤温度的影响为负效应, 较清耕果园分别平均降低10.8%和10.6%, 但这种负效应实际上提高了鲜食水果的品质和避免高温对果树的伤害, 因此有利于果园生态系统服务功能提升。果园类型、生草种类、气候、海拔等均对果园生草的生态系统服务效应产生了重要影响, 其中果园类型、气候、海拔对供给服务的影响最为显著。综述研究发现, 果园生草显著提升了果园的供给、调控和支持服务功能, 可为我国清耕果园发展生草管理模式提供重要的科学依据, 对我国果园的提质增效和可持续发展具有重要借鉴意义。
  • 图  1  生草对生态系统服务功能的总体影响

    条棒和误差线分别代表响应比及其95%的置信区间, 如果误差线没有跨越零线表示处理与对照存在显著差异; 括号内的数值代表样本数。Bars with error bars denote the overall mean response ratio and 95% confidence interval, respectively. The 95% confidence interval that do not go across the zero line mean significant difference between treatment and control. The values in parentheses are independent sample size.

    Figure  1.  General effects of sod-culture on orchard ecosystem services function

    图  2  不同条件下生草对果园产量的影响

    条棒和误差线分别代表响应比及其95%的置信区间, 如果误差线没有跨越零线表示处理与对照存在显著差异; 括号内的数值代表样本数。

    Figure  2.  Effects of sod-culture on yield of orchard under different factors

    Bars with error bars denote the overall mean response ratio and 95% confidence interval, respectively. The 95% confidence interval that do not go across the zero line mean significant difference between treatment and control. The values in parentheses are independent sample size.

    图  3  不同条件下生草对果实可溶性固形物影响

    条棒和误差线分别代表响应比及其95%的置信区间, 如果误差线没有跨越零线表示处理与对照存在显著差异; 括号内的数值代表样本数。

    Figure  3.  Effects of sod-culture on soluble solid in fruit under different factors

    Bars and error bars denote the overall mean response ratio and 95% confidence interval, respectively. The 95% confidence interval that do not go across the zero line mean significant difference between treatment and control. The values in parentheses are independent sample size.

    图  4  不同条件下生草对果实可滴定酸的影响

    条棒和误差线分别代表响应比及其95%的置信区间, 如果误差线没有跨越零线表示处理与对照存在显著差异; 括号内的数值代表样本数。

    Figure  4.  Effects of sod-culture on titratable acid in fruit under different factors

    Bars and error bars denote the overall mean response ratio and 95% confidence interval, respectively. The 95% confidence interval that do not go across the zero line mean significant difference between treatment and control. The values in parentheses are independent sample size.

    图  5  不同条件下生草对果园土壤水分的影响

    条棒和误差线分别代表响应比及其95%的置信区间, 如果误差线没有跨越零线表示处理与对照存在显著差异; 括号内的数值代表样本数。

    Figure  5.  Effects of sod-culture on soil moisture in orchard under different factors

    Bars and error bars denote the overall mean response ratio and 95% confidence interval, respectively. The 95% confidence interval that do not go across the zero line mean significant difference between treatment and control. The values in parentheses are independent sample size.

    图  6  不同条件下生草对果园土壤温度的影响

    条棒和误差线分别代表响应比及其95%的置信区间, 如果误差线没有跨越零线表示处理与对照存在显著差异; 括号内的数值代表样本数。

    Figure  6.  Effects of sod-culture on soil temperature in orchard under different factors

    Bars and error bars denote the overall mean response ratio and 95% confidence interval, respectively. The 95% confidence interval that do not go across the zero line mean significant difference between treatment and control. The values in parentheses are independent sample size.

    图  7  不同条件下生草对果园土壤有机碳含量的影响

    条棒和误差线分别代表响应比及其95%的置信区间, 如果误差线没有跨越零线表示处理与对照存在显著差异; 括号内的数值代表样本数。

    Figure  7.  Effects of sod-culture on soil organic carbon content in orchard under different factors

    Bars and error bars denote the overall mean response ratio and 95% confidence interval, respectively. The 95% confidence interval that do not go across the zero line mean significant difference between treatment and control. The values in parentheses are independent sample size.

    图  8  不同条件下生草对果园土壤全氮的影响

    条棒和误差线分别代表响应比及其95%的置信区间, 如果误差线没有跨越零线表示处理与对照存在显著差异; 括号内的数值代表样本数。

    Figure  8.  Effects of sod-culture on soil total N in orchard under different factors

    Bars and error bars denote the overall mean response ratio and 95% confidence interval, respectively. The 95% confidence interval that do not go across the zero line mean significant difference between treatment and control. The values in parentheses are independent sample size.

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