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稻渔系统碳固持与甲烷排放特征

戴然欣 赵璐峰 唐建军 章涛杰 郭梁 罗崎月 胡中元 胡亮亮 陈欣

戴然欣, 赵璐峰, 唐建军, 章涛杰, 郭梁, 罗崎月, 胡中元, 胡亮亮, 陈欣. 稻渔系统碳固持与甲烷排放特征[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(4): 616−629 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210811
引用本文: 戴然欣, 赵璐峰, 唐建军, 章涛杰, 郭梁, 罗崎月, 胡中元, 胡亮亮, 陈欣. 稻渔系统碳固持与甲烷排放特征[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(4): 616−629 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210811
DAI R X, ZHAO L F, TANG J J, ZHANG T J, GUO L, LUO Q Y, HU Z Y, HU L L, CHEN X. Characteristics of carbon sequestration and methane emission in rice-fish system[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(4): 616−629 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210811
Citation: DAI R X, ZHAO L F, TANG J J, ZHANG T J, GUO L, LUO Q Y, HU Z Y, HU L L, CHEN X. Characteristics of carbon sequestration and methane emission in rice-fish system[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(4): 616−629 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210811

稻渔系统碳固持与甲烷排放特征

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210811
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(U21A20184, 31770481, 31661143001)、浙江省科技重点研发项目(2022C02058, LGN22C030002 )和浙江省“三农六方”项目(2021SNLF002)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    戴然欣, 主要从事稻渔系统甲烷排放研究。E-mail: 22007082@zju.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    陈欣, 主要从事农业生态系统研究。E-mail: chen-tang@zju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X511; S365; S158

Characteristics of carbon sequestration and methane emission in rice-fish system

Funds: The study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U21A20184, 31770481, 31661143001), Zhejiang Provincial Key Research and Development Project (2022C02058, LGN22C030002), and Zhejiang Provincial Project of Three Dimensional Rural Issues (2021SNLF002).
More Information
  • 摘要: 稻渔系统(“渔”是水产动物如鱼、蟹、虾、鳖等的统称)是利用稻田浅水环境在种植水稻的同时放养一定数量水产动物的复合稻作体系。稻渔系统中水稻和水产动物相互作用影响着稻田系统碳氮等元素的运转和循环, 对稻田系统碳固持和碳排放是否和如何产生影响也受到关注。基于国内外的研究报道, 本文分析了稻渔系统土壤有机碳和甲烷(CH4)排放特征和影响因素。在土壤有机碳固持方面, 与水稻单作系统相比, 稻渔系统土壤(0~20 cm)有机碳总体呈增加趋势, 主要与水产动物取食与排泄物转化和输入碳有关。在CH4排放方面, 不同研究存在差异, 一些研究表明稻渔系统(如稻蛙、稻虾、稻鱼等模式)的CH4排放显著低于水稻单作系统, 而一些研究则发现稻渔系统(如稻鱼模式) CH4排放显著高于水稻单作系统。稻渔系统CH4排放主要受水产动物类群、水稻品种、稻田环境和种养措施等因素的影响。论文提出未来稻渔系统土壤有机碳固持和CH4排放的研究应聚焦在: 1)长期定位监测研究稻渔系统土壤有机碳库的变化、CH4等气体排放, 通过长期定位观测, 研究稻渔系统有机碳库和CH4排放的动态特征; 2)研究不同水产动物对稻田系统土壤碳库和CH4等气体排放的影响机理; 3)CH4低排放水稻的育种和品种筛选, 比较研究水稻与水产动物群体的配比、饲料和肥料投入比例、稻田水分管理模式、秸秆还田策略等, 构建出适用于稻渔系统的固碳减排技术体系。
  • 图  1  稻渔系统CH4产生与排放过程

    Figure  1.  Production and emission process of CH4 in rice-fish system

    表  1  稻鱼系统对稻田CH4排放的影响

    Table  1.   Effect of rice-fish system on CH4 emission in paddy fields

    试验地点
    Site
    试验
    年份
    Year
    土壤质地
    Soil texture
    水产动物 Aquatic livestock水稻品种
    Rice
    variety
    CH4排放量 CH4 emission文献
    来源
    Source
    鱼品种
    Fish species
    密度
    Density
    (individuals·hm−2)
    水稻单作
    Rice
    monoculture
    稻鱼共作
    Rice-fish co-culture
    中国青田
    Qingtian, China
    2012 砂壤土
    Sandy loam
    瓯江彩鲤
    Cyprinus carpio
    4505 中浙优1号
    Zhongzheyou No.1
    31.59 mg·m−2·h−1 23.38 mg·m−2·h−1 [26]
    印度克塔克
    Cuttack, India
    2011 砂质黏土
    Sandy clay loam
    麦瑞加拉鲮鱼
    Cirrhinus mrigala
    8000 Varshadhan 109.3 kg·hm−2 125.6 kg·hm−2 [59]
    印度克塔克
    Cuttack, India
    2011 砂质黏土
    Sandy clay loam
    罗希塔红唇
    Labeo rohita
    8000 Varshadhan 109.3 kg·hm−2 136 kg·hm−2 [59]
    印度克塔克
    Cuttack, India
    2011 砂质黏土
    Sandy clay loam
    普通鲤鱼
    Cyprinus carpio
    8000 Varshadhan 109.3 kg·hm−2 148.5 kg·hm−2 [59]
    印度克塔克
    Cuttack, India
    2011 砂质黏土
    Sandy clay loam
    卡拉鲃
    Catla catla
    8000 Varshadhan 109.3 kg·hm−2 141.5 kg·hm−2 [59]
    中国武汉
    Wuhan, China
    2006 粉质壤土
    Silt loam
    普通鲤鱼
    Cyprinus carpio
    14 285.71 两优培九
    LYP9
    267.1 kg·hm−2 250.1 kg·hm−2 [65]
    印度克塔克
    Cuttack, India
    2005 砂质黏土
    Sandy clay loam
    3种鲤鱼
    Catla catla + Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala + Puntius gonionotus
    6000 Varshadhan 1.17 mg·m−2·h−1 2.52 mg·m−2·h−1 [60]
    印度克塔克
    Cuttack, India
    2005 砂质黏土
    Sandy clay loam
    3种鲤鱼
    Catla catla + Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala + Puntius gonionotus
    6000 Durga 1.47 mg·m−2·h−1 2.48 mg·m−2·h−1 [60]
    孟加拉国
    Bangladesh
    2005/
    2006
    黏土
    Clay
    普通鲤鱼+罗非鱼
    Cyprinus carpio +
    Oreochromis niloticus
    10 000 / 20 mg·m−2·h−1 34 mg·m−2·h−1 [61]
    孟加拉国
    Bangladesh
    2005/
    2006
    黏土
    Clay
    普通鲤鱼+罗非鱼
    Cyprinus carpio +
    Oreochromis niloticus
    10 000 / 20 mg·m−2·h−1 37 mg·m−2·h−1 [61]
    孟加拉国
    Bangladesh
    2005/
    2006
    黏土
    Clay
    普通鲤鱼+罗非鱼
    Cyprinus carpio +
    Oreochromis niloticus
    10 000 / 20 mg·m−2·h−1 32 mg·m−2·h−1 [61]
    孟加拉国
    Bangladesh
    2003 壤质黏土
    Loamy clay
    普通鲤鱼
    Cyprinus carpio
    10 000 Cigalon 10.7 mg·m−2·h−1 13.6 mg·m−2·h−1 [62-63]
    孟加拉国
    Bangladesh
    2003 壤质黏土
    Loamy clay
    普通鲤鱼+罗非鱼
    Cyprinus carpio +
    Oreochromis niloticus
    10 000 Cigalon 10.7 mg·m−2·h−1 12.1 mg·m−2·h−1 [62-63]
    中国武汉
    Wuhan, China
    2006 粉质壤土
    Silt loam
    鲫鱼
    Carassius auratus
    15 000 两优培九
    LYP9
    9.82 mg·m−2·h−1 8.61 mg·m−2·h−1 [64]
    中国武汉
    Wuhan, China
    2007 粉质壤土
    Silt loam
    鲫鱼
    Carassius auratus
    15 000 两优培九
    LYP9
    10.39 mg·m−2·h−1 8.51 mg·m−2·h−1 [64]
    中国益阳
    Yiyang, China
    2004 黏土
    Clay
    鲫鱼(湘云鲫)
    Carassius auratus
    11 994 两优培九
    LYP9
    11.55 mg·m−2·h−1 9.77 mg·m−2·h−1 [66]
    中国益阳
    Yiyang, China
    2004 黏土
    Clay
    草鱼
    Ctenopharyngodon idella
    8995.5 两优培九
    LYP9
    11.55 mg·m−2·h−1 9.77 mg·m−2·h−1 [67]
    中国益阳
    Yiyang, China
    2004 黏土
    Clay
    金鱼(墨龙、狮子头)
    Carassius auratus
    14 992.5 两优培九
    LYP9
    17.12 mg·m−2·h−1 15.79 mg·m−2·h−1 [68]
    中国益阳
    Yiyang, China
    2004 黏土
    Clay
    金鱼(墨龙、狮子头)
    Carassius auratus
    14 992.5 两优培九
    LYP9
    13.77 mg·m−2·h−1 10.07 mg·m−2·h−1 [68]
    中国益阳
    Yiyang, China
    2004 黏土
    Clay
    金鱼(墨龙、狮子头)
    Carassius auratus
    14 992.5 两优培九
    LYP9
    12.94 mg·m−2·h−1 7.42 mg·m−2·h−1 [68]
    中国益阳
    Yiyang, China
    2004 黏土
    Clay
    金鱼(墨龙、狮子头)
    Carassius auratus
    14 992.5 两优培九
    LYP9
    10.63 mg·m−2·h−1 4.51 mg·m−2·h−1 [68]
    中国益阳
    Yiyang, China
    2004 黏土
    Clay
    金鱼(墨龙、狮子头)
    Carassius auratus
    14 992.5 两优培九
    LYP9
    10.35 mg·m−2·h−1 4.78 mg·m−2·h−1 [68]
    中国益阳
    Yiyang, China
    2004 黏土
    Clay
    金鱼(墨龙、狮子头)
    Carassius auratus
    14 992.5 两优培九
    LYP9
    4.50 mg·m−2·h−1 2.99 mg·m−2·h−1 [68]
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-18
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-07
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-01-11
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-11

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