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太行山东坡中段植物多样性垂直分布格局及其驱动因素

梁红柱 刘丽丽 高会 付同刚 朱建佳 苏杨 刘金铜

梁红柱, 刘丽丽, 高会, 付同刚, 朱建佳, 苏杨, 刘金铜. 太行山东坡中段植物多样性垂直分布格局及其驱动因素[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1091−1100 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210863
引用本文: 梁红柱, 刘丽丽, 高会, 付同刚, 朱建佳, 苏杨, 刘金铜. 太行山东坡中段植物多样性垂直分布格局及其驱动因素[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1091−1100 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210863
LIANG H Z, LIU L L, GAO H, FU T G, ZHU J J, SU Y, LIU J T. Altitudinal distribution pattern and its driving factors of plant diversity in the middle section of the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1091−1100 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210863
Citation: LIANG H Z, LIU L L, GAO H, FU T G, ZHU J J, SU Y, LIU J T. Altitudinal distribution pattern and its driving factors of plant diversity in the middle section of the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1091−1100 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210863

太行山东坡中段植物多样性垂直分布格局及其驱动因素

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210863
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(41930651)和河北师范大学博士基金(L2022B18)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    梁红柱, 主要研究方向为植物群落生态学。E-mail: lhzeco@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘金铜, 主要研究方向为生态工程。E-mail: jtliu@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: Q948.2

Altitudinal distribution pattern and its driving factors of plant diversity in the middle section of the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain

Funds: The study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41930651) and the Doctoral Foundation of Hebei Normal University (L2022B18).
More Information
  • 摘要: 太行山东西坡因地形等因素差异呈现不同的生物多样性, 本文聚焦于太行山东坡中段, 研究了植物多样性在海拔梯度上的分布格局及其主要影响因素。根据样方调查数据, 研究了维管植物α多样性和β多样性的垂直分布格局, 由此描述了植物群落的垂直梯度演替特征; 应用植被净初级生产力(MODIS NPP)数据产品, 分析了垂直梯度植物丰富度与净初级生产力(NPP)和环境因子之间的关系; 运用数量分类学方法, 研究了主导群落优势物种垂直分布的环境因素。结果表明: 太行山东坡中段维管植物群落α多样性垂直分布出现两次峰值, 基本符合“中间高度膨胀”理论。植物多样性垂直分布与太行山区产水量和NPP垂直格局相一致。β多样性相似性指数在物种丰富度峰值区达到最低, 说明此区段群落间差异性大, 群落间演替速率增大, 致使群落物种多样性增加。植被NPP与物种丰富度呈现一致的垂直分布格局, 二者显著正相关。RDA和CCA排序分析表明, 影响优势物种垂直分布的主要环境因素是海拔、温度和降水, 与坡度、坡面等地形因子相关性不显著。综合研究结果, 太行山东坡中段维管植物垂直分布格局是群落垂直演替进程、环境因素和人为干扰协同作用的结果。
  • 图  1  太行山东坡中段研究区域取样位点图

    Figure  1.  Sampling sites map of the study area in the middle section of the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain

    图  2  太行山东坡中段维管植物群落丰富度和种群密度(a)、α多样性(Shannon-Wiener指数)(b)、相似性指数(Sørensen和Jaccard指数)(c)和群落更替速率(Cody指数)(d)的垂直分布

    Figure  2.  Altitudinal variations of the species richness and density (a), alpha index (Shannon-Wiener index) (b), similarity index (Sørensen and Jaccard indexes) (c) and succession rate (Cody index) (d) of vascular plant communities in the middle section fo the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain

    图  3  太行山东坡中段植被净初级生产力(NPP)、Shannon-Wiener指数与海拔、温度和降水之间的关系

    Figure  3.  Relationships between vegetation net primary productiviyt (NPP), Shannon-Wiener index and elevation, temperature and precipitation in the middle section of the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain

    图  4  太行山东坡中段植物群落优势物种RDA和CCA排序图

    sit1-sit16: 取样点1到取样点16。T: 温度; prec: 降水; ele: 海拔; asp: 坡向; slo: 坡度; N: 土壤全氮含量; P: 土壤全磷含量; K: 土壤全钾含量; C: 土壤全碳含量; por: 土壤孔隙度。Rubia: 茜草属; Ailanthus: 臭椿属; Populus: 杨属; Ziziphus: 枣属; Pinus: 松属; Potentilla: 委陵菜属; Thalictrum: 唐松草属; Ampelopsis: 蛇葡萄属; Saussurea: 风毛菊属; Spiraea: 绣线菊属; Artemisia: 蒿属; Lysimachia: 珍珠菜属; Inula: 旋覆花属; Sanguisorba: 地榆属.

    Figure  4.  RDA ordination and CCA ordination of the dominant plant species in the middle section of the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain

    sit1-sit16: sampling site 1 to 16. T: temperature; prec: precipitation; ele: elevation; asp: aspect; slo: slope; N: soil N content; P: soil P content; K: soil K content; C: soil C content; por: porosity.

    表  1  太行山东坡中段植被物种丰富度、Shannon-Wiener指数与环境因子偏相关分析

    Table  1.   Partial correlation analysis between species richness, Shannon-Wiener index of vegetagtion and environmental factors in the middle section of the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain

    参数
    Parameter
    海拔
    Elevation
    降水
    Precipitation
    温度
    Temperature
    净初级生产力
    Net primary
    productivity
    物种丰富度
    Species richness
    −0.0600.014−0.0050.573*
    Shannon-
    Wiener
    指数
    Shannon-
    Wiener index
    −0.154−0.0790.1400.444
      *表示P<0.05水平显著。* represents a significant correlation at P<0.05.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  太行山中段植物群落垂直分布影响因子CCA排序结果蒙特卡洛显著性检验

    Table  2.   Monte Carlo significance test of the CCA ordination results of the influencing factors to the altitudinal distribution of plant communites in the middle section of the eastern slope of the Taihang Mountain

    CCA1CCA2r2Pr
    海拔
    Elevation
    0.9612−0.27310.90010.001***
    温度
    Temperature
    −0.99820.05980.77340.001***
    降水
    Precipitation
    0.9994−0.03360.71660.004**
    坡度
    Slope
    0.86540.50120.20940.354
    坡向
    Aspect
    0.9719−0.23530.32330.201
    土壤全氮含量
    Soil N content
    0.99630.08610.57230.027*
    土壤全磷含量
    Soil P content
    −0.98830.15260.37000.053
    土壤钾含量
    Soil K content
    −0.89140.45320.12720.556
    土壤碳含量
    Soil C content
    0.99490.10120.57200.026*
    土壤孔隙度
    Porosity
    0.9824−0.18690.58910.019*
      ***、 ** 和*分别表示P<0.001、P<0.01和P<0.05水平具显著性。***, ** and * represent significant correlation at the levels of P<0.001, P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-12-23
  • 录用日期:  2022-02-11
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-18
  • 刊出日期:  2022-07-05

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