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中国农业绿色技术的发展现状与趋势

王欣 宋燕平 陈天宇 李坦

王欣, 宋燕平, 陈天宇, 李坦. 中国农业绿色技术的发展现状与趋势−基于CiteSpace的知识图谱分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(9): 1545−1554 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210872
引用本文: 王欣, 宋燕平, 陈天宇, 李坦. 中国农业绿色技术的发展现状与趋势−基于CiteSpace的知识图谱分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(9): 1545−1554 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210872
WANG X, SONG Y P, CHEN T Y, LI T. Development and trend in Chinese agricultural green technology: Knowledge map analysis based on CiteSpace[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(9): 1545−1554 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210872
Citation: WANG X, SONG Y P, CHEN T Y, LI T. Development and trend in Chinese agricultural green technology: Knowledge map analysis based on CiteSpace[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(9): 1545−1554 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210872

中国农业绿色技术的发展现状与趋势基于CiteSpace的知识图谱分析

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210872
基金项目: 安徽省哲学社会科学重点项目(AHSKZ2020D03)和安徽省高等学校人文社会科学重大项目(SK2020ZD12)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王欣,主要研究方向为农业经济管理。E-mail: wangx@stu.ahau.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    宋燕平, 主要研究方向为农业技术创新。E-mail: syp@ahau.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: S-1

Development and trend in Chinese agricultural green technology: Knowledge map analysis based on CiteSpace

Funds: This study was supported by the Key Project of Philosophy and Social Sciences of Anhui Province (AHSKZ2020D03) and the Major Project of Humanities and Social Sciences of Colleges and Universities of Anhui Province (SK2020ZD12).
More Information
  • 摘要: 绿色技术是中国农业实现高质量发展的驱动力, 为厘清中国农业绿色技术的发展现状与趋势, 利用CiteSpace软件, 对2004—2019年获得国家及省部级科学技术奖励中的农业绿色科技成果数据进行系统梳理与知识图谱分析。结果表明: 1)农业绿色技术成果数量总体上呈现增长趋势, 且种植业成果数量显著高于养殖业。2)绿色技术的研究热点主要集中在投入品安全无害、生产过程友好、资源利用节约高效、监测预警等方面, 中国已基本建立了农业绿色技术体系, 但质量标准相关技术较少。3)农业绿色技术研发与创新和中国农业政策密切相关, 政策导向效应明显。4)区域农业绿色技术成果数量、聚类数量均从东部到西部依次递减。据此, 本文提出促进农业绿色产业技术与绿色乡村综合发展技术一体化发展, 推进政策引导与市场拉动结合的农业绿色技术协同, 强化区域性绿色农业技术特色, 促进农业绿色技术的结构优化升级。
  • 图  1  2004—2019年农业绿色科技成果数量变化趋势

    Figure  1.  Change trend of agricultural green technology achievements from 2004 to 2019

    图  2  2004—2019年农业绿色科技成果聚类图

    Figure  2.  Cluster diagram of agricultural green technology achievements from 2004 to 2019

    图  3  不同区域农业绿色科技成果数量

    Figure  3.  Number of regional agricultural green technology achievements

    表  1  不同获奖农业绿色成果技术特征示例

    Table  1.   Examples of technical characteristics of different award-winning achievements of agricultural green technology

    成果名称
    Achievement name
    获奖等次及年份
    Award grade and year
    导则中绿色技术类型
    Type of green technologies in the guidelines
    技术特征
    Technical characteristics
    果、蔬病虫害绿色防控技术研究与应用
    Research and application of green prevention and control technology of fruit and vegetable diseases and pests
    2015年度陕西省科学技术三等奖
    Third prize of Science and Technology of Shaanxi Province in 2015
    作物有害生物高效低风险绿色防控技术
    High-efficiency and low-risk green prevention and control technology for crop pests
    绿色防控
    Green prevention and control
    小麦蚜虫灾变规律与绿色防控技术
    Disaster law of wheat aphids and green prevention and control technology
    2018—2019年度神农中华农业科技奖科学研究类成果三等奖
    Third prize of Scientific Research Achievements of the Shennong China Agricultural Science and Technology Award in 2018−2019
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2004—2019年农业绿色科技成果关键词聚类分类

    Table  2.   Keyword cluster classification of agricultural green technology achievements from 2004 to 2019

    技术大类
    Technology category
    聚类名称
    Cluster name
    规模
    Size
    轮廓值
    Contour value
    值排在前列且P<0.05的关键词
    Value in the front row and P<0.05
    投入品安全无害
    Safe and harmless inputs
    广适选育
    Wide adaptability breeding
    620.873广适选育、优质选育、抗病选育
    Wide adaptability breeding, high quality breeding, disease resistance breeding
    多抗选育
    Multi-resistance breeding
    410.917多抗选育、优质高产选育、生物灾害
    Multi-resistance breeding, high quality and high yield breeding, biological disasters
    种质创新
    Germplasm innovation
    400.978种质创新、种质创制、杂种优势利用
    Germplasm innovation, germplasm creation, heterosis utilization
    高效饲料
    High efficiency feed
    400.965高效饲料、健康饲料、优质饲料
    High efficiency feed, healthy feed, high quality feed
    品种改良
    Variety improvement
    260.968品种改良、优良选育、优质品种筛选
    Variety improvement, excellent breeding, high quality variety screening
    生产过程环境友好
    Environmentally friendly production process
    健康养殖
    Healthy breeding
    310.995健康养殖、生态环境、氨气减排
    Healthy breeding, ecological environment, ammonia emission reduction
    绿色防控
    Green prevention and control
    300.946绿色防控、有害生物、生物防治
    Green prevention and control, pests, biological control
    配套栽培
    Supporting cultivation
    210.921配套栽培、免耕覆盖、水旱轮作
    Supporting cultivation, no tillage and mulching, water and drought rotation
    生态修复
    Ecological restoration
    130.993生态修复、水土流失、生态农业
    Ecological restoration, water and soil erosion, ecological agriculture
    无公害生产
    Pollution-free production
    70.997无公害生产、生态响应、生物农药
    Pollution free production, ecological response, biological pesticides
    测土配方施肥
    Soil testing and formula fertilization
    71.000测土配方施肥、精准施肥、专用复合肥
    Soil testing and formula fertilization, precision fertilization, special compound fertilizer
    病毒检测
    Virus detection
    500.928病毒检测、安全生产、质量控制
    Virus detection, safe production, quality control
    资源利用节约高效
    Economical and efficient resource utilization
    高效栽培
    Efficient cultivation
    450.894高效栽培、优质栽培、精准化栽培
    Efficient cultivation, high quality cultivation, precision cultivation
    高效养殖
    Efficient breeding
    140.969高效养殖、生态养殖、优质养殖
    Efficient breeding, ecological breeding, high quality breeding
    精深加工
    Deep processing
    490.928精深加工、绿色储藏、综合利用
    Deep processing, green storage, comprehensive utilization
    环境监测预警
    Environmental monitoring and early warning
    监测预警
    Monitoring and early warning
    310.959监测预警、害虫灾变机理、病虫害发生规律
    Monitoring and early warning, pest catastrophe mechanism, occurrence law of diseases and pests
    综合防控
    Comprehensive prevention and control
    210.988综合防控、疫情监测、病虫鉴定
    Comprehensive prevention and control, epidemic surveillance, pest identification
      受篇幅限制, 仅展示了部分关键词。Due to space limitations, only some keywords are shown.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2004—2019年农业绿色科技成果突现词

    Table  3.   Emerging words of agricultural green technology achievements from 2004 to 2019

    关键词 Keyword平均强度 Strength始现年份 Begin year2004—2019
    优质选育 High quality breeding3.01712007▂ ▂ ▂ ▃ ▃ ▃ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂
    无公害生产 Pollution-free production3.34032007▂ ▂ ▂ ▃ ▃ ▃ ▃ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂
    综合防治 Integrated control4.09782008▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▃ ▃ ▃ ▃ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂
    多抗选育 Multi-resistance breeding3.42552014▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▃ ▃ ▃ ▂ ▂ ▂
    综合防控 Comprehensive prevention and control3.77022016▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▃ ▃ ▃ ▃
    提质增效 Improve quality and efficiency4.11212017▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▃ ▃ ▃
    绿色防控 Green prevention and control4.34042017▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▂ ▃ ▃ ▃
      最右列一个小条表示一年, 越粗表示强度越大。In the right column, a black bar is for one year, the thicker the bar is, the strength the keyword is in the year.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  2004—2019年农业绿色科技成果突现词与政策的相关性

    Table  4.   Relevance of emergent words of agricultural green technology achievements and policy from 2004 to 2019

    突现词
    Emergent word
    政策(含法律)
    Policies (including laws)
    优质选育
    High quality breeding
    2004—2006年中央一号文件, 国家发改委2007年实施生物育种高技术产业化专项, 《农业科技发展纲要(2001—2010年)》
    No. 1 Central Document from 2004 to 2006, Special Project for High-tech Industrialization of Biological Breeding implemented by the National Development and Reform Commission in 2007, Agricultural Science and Technology Development Outline (2001−2010)
    无公害生产
    Pollution-free
    production
    农业部2001年实施相应计划, 2002年出台多项办法, 2002—2006年农业部发布标准
    The corresponding plan implemented by Ministry of Agriculture in 2001, A number of measures introduced in 2002, the standards issued by the Ministry of Agriculture from 2002 to 2006
    综合防治
    Integrated
    control
    2006年全国植保植检工作会议, 《全国农村环境污染防治规划纲要(2007—2020年)》
    National Plant Protection and Inspection Conference in 2006, National Rural Environmental Pollution Prevention and Control Plan (2007−2020)
    多抗选育
    Multi-resistance
    breeding
    2012年国家863计划“作物分子育种与分子创制”, 2013年农业部举行农作物新品种选育与推广工作会议
    National High-tech R&D Program of China “Crop molecular breeding and molecular creation” in 2012. In 2013, the Ministry of Agriculture held a meeting on the breeding and promotion of new crop varieties.
    综合防控
    Comprehensive
    prevention and control
    2015年农业部出台促进农业面源污染防控的实施意见, 《全国农业可持续发展规划(2015—2030年)》《农业环境突出问题治理总体规划(2014—2018年)》
    The implementation opinions of the Ministry of Agriculture on combating agricultural non-point source pollution in 2015, National Agricultural Sustainable Development Plan (2015−2030) and Master Plan for Governance of Outstanding Agricultural Environmental Issues (2014−2018)
    提质增效
    Improve quality
    and efficiency
    2017年中央一号文件
    No. 1 Central Document 2017
    绿色防控
    Green prevention
    and control
    《关于推进农作物病虫害绿色防控的意见》(2011年),《关于创新体制机制推进农业绿色发展的意见》(2017年), 《国家质量兴农战略规划(2018—2022年)》
    Opinions on Promoting Green Prevention and Control of Crop Diseases and Pests (introduced in 2011), Opinions on Innovating Institutions and Mechanisms to Promote the Green Development of Agriculture (introducted in 2017), National Quality Agriculture Strategic Plan (2018−2022)
      受篇幅限制, 仅展示部分政策。Due to space constraints, only some policies are shown.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同区域农业绿色科技成果关键词聚类分类

    Table  5.   Keyword cluster classification of regional agricultural green technology achievements

    技术大类
    Technology category
    聚类名称 Cluster name
    东部 Eastern region中部 Central region西部 Western region
    投入品安全无害
    Safe and harmless inputs
    良种选育
    Improved variety breeding
    种质创新
    Germplasm innovation
    良种选育
    Improved variety breeding
    优质选育
    High quality breeding
    高产选育
    High yield breeding
    高产选育
    High yield breeding
    优质环保饲料
    High quality environmental protection feed
    生产过程环境友好
    Environmentally friendly production process
    配套栽培
    Supporting cultivation
    绿色防控
    Green prevention and control
    生态修复
    Ecological restoration
    安全生产
    Safe production
    健康养殖
    Healthy breeding
    健康养殖
    Healthy breeding
    优质生产
    Quality production
    病害防治
    Disease prevention and control
    资源利用节约高效
    Economical and efficient resource utilization
    高效栽培
    Efficient cultivation
    高效利用
    Efficient utilization
    高效栽培
    Efficient cultivation
    可持续经营
    Sustainable management
    高效栽培
    Efficient cultivation
    高效生产
    Efficient production
    精深加工
    Deep processing
    环境监测预警
    Environmental monitoring and early warning
    综合防控
    Comprehensive prevention and control
      受表格限制, 仅展示了关键词聚类名称。Restricted by the table, only keyword cluster names are displayed.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-12-09
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-01
  • 刊出日期:  2022-09-09

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