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基于保护性农业的土壤固碳过程研究进展

徐英德

徐英德. 基于保护性农业的土壤固碳过程研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(4): 658−670 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210889
引用本文: 徐英德. 基于保护性农业的土壤固碳过程研究进展[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(4): 658−670 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210889
XU Y D. Conservation agriculture-mediated soil carbon sequestration: A review[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(4): 658−670 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210889
Citation: XU Y D. Conservation agriculture-mediated soil carbon sequestration: A review[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(4): 658−670 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210889

基于保护性农业的土壤固碳过程研究进展

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20210889
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2021YFD1500202)和辽宁省教育厅面上项目(LJKZ0662)资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    徐英德, 主要从事土壤肥力与土壤生态研究。E-mail: yingdexu@126.com

  • 中图分类号: S154.1

Conservation agriculture-mediated soil carbon sequestration: A review

Funds: The study was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2021YFD1500202) and the Scientific Research Funds Project of Education Department of Liaoning Province (LJKZ0662).
More Information
  • 摘要: 土壤有机碳(SOC)的固定是缓解全球气候变化和维持农田生态系统生产力的重要驱动力, 阐明SOC的累积与稳定机制及其驱动因素有助于合理调控土壤碳汇潜力。此外, 在全球生态环境退化和巨大粮食安全压力的挑战下, 寻求可持续的农田管理方式成为迫切需要解决的任务。保护性农业对土壤固碳有着重要影响, 且有助于实现粮食生产与生态效益的双赢。但鉴于土壤系统和功能的复杂性, 尚未形成保护性农业措施调控下土壤碳库形成的系统理论。以此为背景, 本文介绍并讨论了SOC不同的固定途径及其稳定机理, 探讨了传统农作措施下SOC的损失情况, 概述了保护性农业的内涵与主要组成, 综述了保护性农业措施对SOC固定的影响, 并深入剖析了保护性农业措施调控下的土壤固碳机理。在现有研究基础上, 应通过现代有机碳分组、分离技术和生物标识物技术, 明确保护性农业介导下SOC固定的微生物—团聚体—矿物协同作用机制, 并关注深层土壤固碳过程; 此外, 建立保护性农业长效研究体系有助于明确保护性农业措施调控下的土壤固碳潜力与实质; 最终, 应构建基于农田实践的SOC管理框架, 帮助土地管理者和农户制定科学合理的可持续土地利用战略。
  • 图  1  全球碳收支模型[16-18]

    箭头中的数据代表碳通量, 方框和椭圆中的数据代表碳储量。

    Figure  1.  Contemporary global carbon budget[16-18]

    Data within arrows indicate the carbon fluxes, those within rectangles indicate the magnitude of carbon stock. SOC: soil organic carbon.

    图  2  土壤固碳机制示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of soil carbon sequestration mechanism

    图  3  保护性农业的历史演变与主要内容

    Figure  3.  Historical evolution and main contents of conservation agriculture

    图  4  保护性农业驱动下的土壤固碳机制

    Figure  4.  Soil carbon sequestration mechanism driven by conservation agriculture

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-12-15
  • 录用日期:  2022-01-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-02-17
  • 刊出日期:  2022-04-11

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