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“三生”用地结构变化对生态系统服务和农户生计的影响

齐菲 李彦鑫 高会 付同刚 王丰 蒋莞艳 刘金铜

齐菲, 李彦鑫, 高会, 付同刚, 王丰, 蒋莞艳, 刘金铜. “三生”用地结构变化对生态系统服务和农户生计的影响−以太行山区洞阳坡小流域为例[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1101−1112 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220055
引用本文: 齐菲, 李彦鑫, 高会, 付同刚, 王丰, 蒋莞艳, 刘金铜. “三生”用地结构变化对生态系统服务和农户生计的影响−以太行山区洞阳坡小流域为例[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(7): 1101−1112 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220055
QI F, LI Y X, GAO H, FU T G, WANG F, JIANG G Y, LIU J T. The impact of “Production-Living-Ecological” land structure change on ecosystem services and farmers’ livelihood: a case study of the Dongyangpo watershed in Taihang Mountain area[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1101−1112 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220055
Citation: QI F, LI Y X, GAO H, FU T G, WANG F, JIANG G Y, LIU J T. The impact of “Production-Living-Ecological” land structure change on ecosystem services and farmers’ livelihood: a case study of the Dongyangpo watershed in Taihang Mountain area[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(7): 1101−1112 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220055

“三生”用地结构变化对生态系统服务和农户生计的影响以太行山区洞阳坡小流域为例

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220055
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(41930651)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    齐菲, 主要从事山区生态系统服务研究, E-mail: qifei@sjziam.ac.cn

    李彦鑫, 主要从事生态工程研究, E-mail: liyanxin9812@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘金铜, 主要从事生态系统可持续管理与生态工程研究。E-mail: jtliu@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: X171.1

The impact of “Production-Living-Ecological” land structure change on ecosystem services and farmers’ livelihood: a case study of the Dongyangpo watershed in Taihang Mountain area

Funds: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41930651).
More Information
  • 摘要: 太行山区由于受人类活动的影响, 在过去的几十年内众多小流域土地利用结构产生了很大的变化, 进而影响了小流域生产、生活、生态的“三生”用地结构、生态系统服务和山区农户生计。本文以洞阳坡小流域作为太行山中山区代表, 通过对当量因子法系数的修正, 对2000—2020年“三生”用地结构变化及其生态系统服务价值进行了评估, 并以人工种植面积最大且为本地优势树种的连翘为例, 进一步调研分析了“三生”用地结构变化对农户生计的影响。研究结果表明: 1) 20年来洞阳坡小流域“三生”用地结构比例基本保持不变, 呈现出生态用地>生产用地>生活用地。但“三生”用地中生态用地内部的土地利用方式发生了变化, 具体表现为人为作用下, 当地优势树种连翘种植面积显著增加。2) 20年来洞阳坡小流域内生态系统服务价值提高了1528万元, 其主要原因是生态用地中大量草地转化为以种植连翘为主的林地, 林地生态系统服务的提高对生态系统总服务提高的贡献率为99.95%。3) 20年来, 连翘林地供给服务的增加占小流域供给服务增加的43.05%, 占小流域生态系统总服务增加的28.02%, 连翘林地生态系统服务供给效益的提高增加了洞阳坡小流域的农户收入, 使得小流域农户生计水平有所改善, 连翘种植带来的“三生”用地变化对农户收入来源结构起到了优化调整的作用。本研究可为太行山区的生态经济协同发展提供一定的理论依据。
  • 图  1  研究区洞阳坡小流域位置图

    Figure  1.  Location map of the study area, Dongyangpo watershed

    图  2  洞阳坡小流域2000—2020年土地利用分布图

    Figure  2.  Land use distribution of Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    图  3  洞阳坡小流域2000—2020年“三生”用地分布图

    Figure  3.  Distribution of “Production-Living-Ecological” lands in Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    图  4  洞阳坡小流域2000—2020年生态系统服务价值

    Figure  4.  Ecosystem service values of Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    图  5  洞阳坡小流域2000—2020年生态系统服务价值空间分布图

    Figure  5.  Spatial distribution of ecosystem services values in Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    图  6  2000—2020年洞阳坡小流域生态系统服务变化的空间分布图

    Figure  6.  Spatial distribution of ecosystem services change in Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    图  7  洞阳坡小流域连翘收入占总收入的比值

    Figure  7.  Ratio of Forsythia suspensa income to total income in Dongyangpo watershed

    图  8  洞阳坡小流域2000年和2020年收入来源

    A、B、C、D和E分别代表务工、务农、养殖、做生意和采摘连翘。A, B, C, D and E represent working, farming, breeding, doing business and picking Forsythia suspensa, respectively.

    Figure  8.  Income sources of Dongyangpo watershed in 2000 and 2020

    表  1  洞阳坡小流域“三生”用地分类体系

    Table  1.   Classification system of “Production-Living-Ecological” lands in Dongyangpo watershed

    用地分类 Land classification土地利用类型 Land use type
    生态用地 Ecological land草地 Grassland
    连翘林地 Forsythia suspensa forest land
    毛梾林地 Cornus walteri forest land
    香椿林地 Toona sinensis forest land
    其他林地 Other forest lands
    水域 Waters
    未利用地 Unused land
    生产用地 Land for production耕地 Cultivated land
    生活用地 Living land建设用地 Land used for building
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  修订后的洞阳坡小流域生态系统服务价值当量表

    Table  2.   Revised ecosystem services value equivalents of Dongyangpo watershed

    土地利用类型
    Land use type
    供给服务
    Supply service
    调节服务
    Regulatory service
    支持服务
    Support service
    文化服务
    Cultural service
    一级分类
    Primary classification
    二级分类
    Secondary classification
    FPRMPWSGRCRECHRSCNCMBMAL
    耕地
    Cultivated land
    旱地
    Dry land
    0.510.240.020.400.220.060.160.610.070.080.04
    林地
    Woodland
    连翘林地
    Forsythia suspensa forest land
    0.106.090.120.772.300.691.821.350.070.850.38
    毛梾林地
    Cornus walteri forest land
    0.1050.730.120.772.300.691.820.930.070.850.38
    香椿林地
    Toona sinensis forest land
    0.510.230.120.772.300.691.820.930.070.850.38
    其他林地
    Other forest lands
    0.100.230.120.772.300.691.820.930.070.850.38
    草地
    Grassland
    草原
    Grassland
    0.100.140.080.521.370.451.000.630.050.570.26
    建设用地
    Land used for building
    建设用地
    Land used for building
    00000000000
    未利用地
    Unused land
    裸地
    Naked land
    0000.0200.080.020.0200.020.01
    水域
    Waters
    水系
    River system
    0.300.093.150.300.872.1138.890.350.020.970.72
    FP: 食品生产; RMP: 原材料生产; WS: 水资源供给; GR: 气体调节; CR: 气候调节; EC: 净化环境; HR: 水文调节; SC: 土壤保持; NCM: 维持养分循环; BM: 生物多样性; AL: 美学景观。FP: food production; RMP: raw material production; WS: water supply; GR: gas regulation; CR: climate regulation; EC: clean the environment; HR: hydrological regulation; SC: soil conservation; NCM: maintain nutrient cycle; BM: biodiversity; AL: aesthetic landscape.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  洞阳坡小流域2000—2020年“三生”用地结构变化情况

    Table  3.   Change of “Production-Living-Ecological” land structure in Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    用地分类
    Land classification
    200020102020
    面积
    Area (×104 m2)
    比例
    Proportion (%)
    面积
    Area (×104 m2)
    比例
    Proportion (%)
    面积
    Area (×104 m2)
    比例
    Proportion (%)
    生态用地 Ecological land509.0096.66508.0996.49509.4796.75
    生活用地 Living land3.990.574.050.774.150.79
    生产用地 Production land14.602.7714.462.7412.982.46
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  2000—2010年和2010—2020年洞阳坡小流域“三生”用地转移矩阵

    Table  4.   Land transfer matrixs of “Production-Living-Ecological” lands in Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2010 and 2010 to 2020

    生态用地 Ecological land生活用地 Living land生产用地 Ecological land总计 Total
    2000
    ×104 m2 
    2010生态用地 Ecological land508.09508.09
    生活用地 Living land0.922.990.144.05
    生产用地 Land for production14.4614.45
    总计 Total509.002.9914.60526.59
    2010
    2020生态用地 Ecological land508.031.44509.47
    生活用地 Living land0.054.050.054.15
    生产用地 Production land12.9812.98
    总计 Total508.094.0514.46526.59
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  洞阳坡小流域2000—2020年“三生”用地的生态系统服务价值

    Table  5.   Ecosystem services values of “Production-Living-Ecological” lands in Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    用地类型
    Land classification
    生态服务价值 Ecosystem service value (×105 ¥)变化率 Change rate (%)
    2000201020202000—20102010—2020
    生态用地 Ecological land95.0234.5248.1146.895.81
    生活用地 Living land00000
    生产用地 Production land1.21.21.1−0.97−10.25
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  洞阳坡小流域2000—2020年“三生”用地单位面积生态系统服务价值

    Table  6.   Ecosystem services per unit area of “Production-Living-Ecological” lands in Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    用地类型
    Land classification
    200020102020
    生态用地
    Ecological land
    生产用地
    Production land
    生活用地
    Living land
    生态用地
    Ecological land
    生产用地
    Production land
    生活用地
    Living land
    生态用地
    Ecological land
    生产用地
    Production land
    生活用地
    Living land
    ¥∙hm−2
    供给服务
    Supply service
    1833.892609.65021 277.842609.65021 384.692609.650
    调节服务
    Regulatory service
    11 558.682854.31017 041.522854.31018 916.772854.310
    支持服务
    Support service
    4362.272609.6506367.932609.6506836.322609.650
    文化服务
    Cultural service
    902.21135.9201457.23135.9201557.01135.920
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  2000—2020年洞阳坡小流域“三生”用地转型导致的生态系统服务价值变化

    Table  7.   Changes of ecosystem service values caused by “Production-Living-Ecological” land use transformation in Dongyangpo watershed from 2000 to 2020

    “三生”用地转型方式
    Transformation of “Production-Living-Ecological” lands
    面积
    Area
    (hm²)
    生态系统服务价值 Ecosystem services value (×104 ¥)
    2000年转换前
    Before conversion in 2000
    2020年转换后
    After conversion in 2020
    增加值
    Added value
    生态用地→生态用地
    Ecological land → ecological land
    草地→香椿林地
    Grassland → Toona sinensis forest land
    28.8150.7585.0634.31
    草地→毛梾林地
    Grassland → Cornus walteri forest land
    33.3358.71667.27608.56
    草地→连翘林地
    Grassland → Forsythia suspensa forest land
    225.97398.051133.85735.80
    草地→其他林地
    Grassland → other forest lands
    146.42257.92411.44153.52
    草地→水域
    Grassland → waters
    0.691.2211.2310.01
    未利用地→其他林地
    Unused land → other forest lands
    1.410.083.963.88
    生产用地→生态用地
    Production land → ecological land
    耕地→连翘林地
    Cultivated land → Forsythia suspensa forest land
    1.441.187.236.05
    生态用地→生活用地
    Ecological land → living land
    草地→建设用地
    Grassland → land used for building
    0.971.710.00−1.71
    生产用地→生活用地
    Production land → living land
    耕地→建设用地
    Cultivated land → land used for building
    0.190.160.00−0.16
      
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  8  2000—2020年洞阳坡小流域及其连翘林地的生态系统服务增加量

    Table  8.   Ecosystem services value increase in Dongyangpo watershed and Forsythia suspensa forest land from 2000 to 2020

    项目
    Item
    洞阳坡小流域
    Dongyangpo watershed
    连翘林地
    Forsythia suspensa forest land
    20002020增加量 Increase20002020增加量 Increase
    生态系统总服务 Total ecosystem services (104 ¥)961.632491.501529.8791.131091.711000.58
    供给服务 Supply service (104 ¥)97.161092.87995.7139.04467.67428.63
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-19
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-25
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-30
  • 刊出日期:  2022-07-05

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