留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

秸秆覆盖温度效应对冬小麦农艺和生理性状的影响

陈素英 牛君仿 张喜英 邵立威 姚振刚 李建波

陈素英, 牛君仿, 张喜英, 邵立威, 姚振刚, 李建波. 秸秆覆盖温度效应对冬小麦农艺和生理性状的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(5): 820−830 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220120
引用本文: 陈素英, 牛君仿, 张喜英, 邵立威, 姚振刚, 李建波. 秸秆覆盖温度效应对冬小麦农艺和生理性状的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报 (中英文), 2022, 30(5): 820−830 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220120
CHEN S Y, NIU J F, ZHANG X Y, SHAO L W, YAO Z G, LI J B. Temperature effects of straw mulching on the agronomic and physiological characteristics of winter wheat[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(5): 820−830 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220120
Citation: CHEN S Y, NIU J F, ZHANG X Y, SHAO L W, YAO Z G, LI J B. Temperature effects of straw mulching on the agronomic and physiological characteristics of winter wheat[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2022, 30(5): 820−830 doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220120

秸秆覆盖温度效应对冬小麦农艺和生理性状的影响

doi: 10.12357/cjea.20220120
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目 (2017YFE0130500)和河北省重点研发计划项目(20326422D, 21326410D)资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    陈素英, 主要从事农田节水机理与技术研究。E-mail: csy@sjziam.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: S318

Temperature effects of straw mulching on the agronomic and physiological characteristics of winter wheat

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Project of China (2017YFE0130500), and Hebei Key R&D Initiative Project (20326422D, 21326410D).
More Information
  • 摘要: 秸秆覆盖是一项有效的节水保墒技术, 广泛应用于农业生产。而对于凉季生长的作物, 秸秆覆盖引起的温度效应对作物生长发育的影响大于秸秆覆盖的保墒效应, 会导致作物减产。利用大田试验研究秸秆覆盖冬小麦的温度效应对冬小麦生理和农艺性状的影响, 探明秸秆覆盖引起冬小麦减产的机理。试验设置4个秸秆覆盖量处理: 不覆盖(CK)、低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2, LM)、中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2, MM)和高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2, HM), 调查不同处理对土壤温度、冬小麦内源激素含量、茎伤流液离子浓度、农艺性状[植被指数(NDVI)、比值植被指数(RVI)、地上部干物质积累、根长]及产量的影响。结果表明: 秸秆覆盖提高了冬季土壤温度, 降低了春季返青期土壤温度。由于冬季冬小麦生长发育停止, 秸秆覆盖的增温效应对冬小麦生长影响较小。春季返青期, 冬小麦开始快速生长, 秸秆覆盖对根区土壤温度的降低效应显著抑制了冬小麦的生长发育。返青期冬小麦茎生长素(IAA)含量在低、中和高覆盖量下分别是不覆盖处理的1.7倍、2.5部和2.7倍, 较高的IAA含量抑制了冬小麦的生长。覆盖处理茎中生长素和玉米素核苷比值(IAA/ZR)增加, 抑制了分蘖的生长。秸秆覆盖下冬小麦农艺性状如根长密度、NDVI和RVI、密度和地上部生物量显著低于CK。至拔节期随着秸秆覆盖对土壤温度影响减弱, 覆盖处理茎中的IAA含量显著降低, 并低于CK处理, IAA/ZR比值也迅速下降, 与CK间差异减小, 茎中伤流液中离子浓度覆盖处理均高于CK, 均表明覆盖处理下小麦的生理功能加强, 但至拔节期覆盖处理下的冬小麦各农艺性状仍然低于CK, 秸秆覆盖下的冬小麦抽穗和扬花期比不覆盖晚2 d, 最终覆盖处理的冬小麦产量低于CK。秸秆覆盖对土壤温度、生理性状和农艺性状的影响随着覆盖量的增加而增加。综上研究表明, 秸秆覆盖引起的返青期土壤温度偏低延缓冬小麦生理过程, 是导致冬小麦产量降低的主要原因, 消减返青期秸秆覆盖层的温度效应是解决秸秆覆盖影响冬小麦产量的有效途径。
  • 图  1  小麦出苗—返青前不同秸秆覆盖量下5 cm、10 cm、20 cm和40 cm土壤日均温度变化

    CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。播种后62~135 d为越冬期。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). From 62 to 135 days after sowing is the overwintering period of winter wheat.

    Figure  1.  Average daily soil temperatures at 5 cm, 10 cm, 20 cm and 40 cm depth under different mulching amounts of straws from emergency to the beginning of recovery stage of winter wheat

    图  2  冬小麦越冬期不同秸秆覆盖量下5 cm、10 cm、20 cm和40 cm土壤均温与对照温度的差值

    CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05.

    Figure  2.  Differences of average soil temperature at 5 cm, 10 cm, 20 cm and 40 cm depths between straw mulching treatments and CK during the overwintering period of winter wheat

    图  3  不同覆盖处理下冬小麦返青前—成熟期5 cm、10 cm、20 cm和40 cm土壤日均温度的变化

    CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。播种后136~162 d为返青期, 播种后163~191 d为拔节期, 播种后192~236 d为抽穗—灌浆期。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). From 136 to 162 days, from 163 to 191days, and from 192 to 236 days after sowing are the recovery stage, jointing stage and heading-mature stage of winter wheat.

    Figure  3.  Average daily soil temperature at 5 cm, 10 cm, 20 cm and 40 cm depths under different treatments from the beginning of recovery stage to mature stage of winter wheat

    图  4  冬小麦返青期不同秸秆覆盖量下5 cm、10 cm、20 cm和40 cm土壤均温与对照温度的差值

    CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05.

    Figure  4.  Differences of average soil temperature at 5 cm, 10 cm, 20 cm and 40 cm depths between straw mulching treatments and control during the recovery stage of winter wheat

    图  5  不同覆盖处理对冬小麦拔节期茎伤流液离子浓度的影响

    CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05.

    Figure  5.  Ions contents in stem saps of winter wheat at jointing stage under different mulching treatments

    图  6  冬小麦返青期至成熟期植被指数(NDVI)和比值植被指数(RVI)的变化

    CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。播种后135~162 d为返青期, 播种后163~191 d为拔节期, 播种后192~236 d为抽穗—成熟期。不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05. From 135 to 162 days, from 163 to 191 days, and from 192 to 236 days after sowing are the recovery stage, jointing stage and heading-mature stage of winter wheat.

    Figure  6.  Changes of winter wheat NDVI and RVI from turning green to maturity under different straw mulching treatments

    图  7  不同秸秆覆盖处理对冬小麦茎蘖数(A)和地上部干重(B)的影响

    CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05.

    Figure  7.  Stem density (A) and aboveground dry weight (B) changes of winter wheat under different straw mulching treatments

    图  8  不同秸秆覆盖处理对冬小麦0~60 cm土层总根长的影响

    CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05.

    Figure  8.  Total root length in 0−60 cm soil layer of winter wheat under different straw mulching treatments

    表  1  不同覆盖处理对冬小麦内源激素含量的影响

    Table  1.   Effects of different straw mulching treatments on endogenous hormone contents of winter wheat

    生育期
    Growth stage
    处理
    Treatment
    生长素 Auxin (IAA) [ng∙g−1 (FW)]玉米素核甘 Zeatin riboside (ZR) [ng∙g−1 (FW)]IAA/ZR
    茎 Stem叶 Leaf茎 Stem叶 Leaf茎 Stem叶 Leaf
    越冬前
    Before winter dormancy
    CK55.3±1.8c41.5±1.8d8.8±0.2a3.9±0.2c6.3±0.1c10.6±0.2a
    LM59.3±1.3b72.4±2.5a4.6±0.1c6.9±0.2b10.4±0.2b10.4±0.2a
    MM66.7±1.6a54.6±1.5b5.7±0.1b6.6±0.2b11.8±0.2a9.3±0.1b
    HM67.9±1.2a50.7±1.6c5.7±0.1b8.4±0.3a11.9±0.4a6.1±0.1c
    返青期
    Recovery stage
    CK49.5±1.0d48.0±0.8a7.7±0.2b6.0±0.2d6.4±0.1d8.1±0.2a
    LM86.0±1.9c40.4±1.4c6.6±0.1c6.8±0.2c13.0±0.3c5.9±0.1b
    MM124.6±2.7b40.6±1.0c8.3±0.3a8.1±0.1b15.0±0.3b5.0±0.1c
    HM133.6±3.3a44.9±1.2b5.9±0.1d8.8±0.4a22.6±0.4a5.1±0.1c
    拔节期
    Jointing
    stage
    CK105.0±3.3a46.0±1.8a8.0±0.3b9.1±0.2c13.1±0.2b5.0±0.1a
    LM103.2±4.2a41.2±1.0b6.7±0.1c8.6±0.2d15.5±0.3a4.8±0.1b
    MM88.5±2.1b38.8±0.7c8.6±0.2a9.7±0.2b10.3±0.2c4.0±0.1c
    HM91.0±2.3b36.8±1.7d6.6±0.1c11.2±0.3a13.7±0.3b3.3±0.1d
    灌浆期
    Filling
    stage
    CK176.5±3.5a51.6±0.9b5.0±0.1b7.2±0.2d35.6±0.5a7.2±0.2a
    LM82.0±1.7b42.9±1.1c4.6±0.2c8.8±0.1c17.8±0.4b4.9±0.1b
    MM58.0±1.6d55.2±1.8a3.9±0.1d12.9±0.2a15.1±0.3c4.3±0.1c
    HM66.7±2.3c41.1±1.5d5.2±0.2a12.4±0.3b13.0±0.3d3.3±0.1d
      CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。同列同一生育期不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters in a column for the same growth stage mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同覆盖处理对冬小麦灌浆期旗叶光合速率的影响

    Table  2.   Effects of different straw mulching treatments on photosynthetic rate of flag leaves of winter wheat at grain filling stage

    处理
    Treatment
    净光合速
    Net photosynthetic rate
    (μmol∙m−2∙s−1)
    气孔导度
    Stomatal conductance
    (μmol∙m−2∙s−1)
    胞间CO2浓度
    Intercellular CO2 concentration
    (μmol∙m−2∙s−1)
    蒸腾速率
    Transpiration rate
    (μmol∙m−2∙s−1)
    CK22.74±1.01c0.48±0.01b265.08±3.09a8.35±0.33b
    LM26.03±0.46b0.50±0.05b242.69±9.51b8.77±0.77b
    MM25.72±0.35b0.46±0.01b246.89±1.6b8.41±0.29b
    HM29.53±0.99a0.55±0.09a246.45±1.24b9.76±0.91a
      CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。同列不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters in a column mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同秸秆覆盖处理对冬小麦产量、产量构成及收获指数的影响

    Table  3.   Grain yield, yield components and harvest index of winter wheat under different straw mulching treatments

    处理
    Treatment
    产量
    Grain yield (kg∙hm−2)
    有效穗数
    Spike number (×104spikes∙hm−2)
    穗粒数
    Kernels per spike
    千粒重
    1000-seed weight (g)
    收获指数
    Harvest index
    CK8375.8±315.5a615.8±356.0a35.1±0.9a39.4±1.8a0.47±0.01a
    LM8193.3±259.3a610.8±333.1a35.1±1.6a40.0±1.6a0.47±0.01a
    MM8131.9±283.8a612.1±378.3a36.5±1.3a38.4±1.1a0.45±0.01b
    HM8066.4±329.3a598.2±370.5a36.0±1.8a39.4±1.7a0.45±0.02b
      CK: 不覆盖; LM: 低覆盖量(2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: 中覆盖量(3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: 高覆盖量(7350 kg∙hm−2)。同列不同小写字母表示处理间差异显著(P<0.05)。CK: no straw mulching; LM: low-rate straw mulching (2450 kg∙hm−2); MM: medium-rate straw mulching (3675 kg∙hm−2); HM: high-rate straw mulching (7350 kg∙hm−2). Different lowercase letters in a column mean significant differences among treatments at P<0.05.
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 叶元生, 黄彩霞, 柴守玺, 等. 秸秆带状覆盖对旱地冬小麦农田土壤特性及产量的影响[J]. 干旱地区农业研究, 2021, 39(6): 146−152 doi: 10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2021.06.16

    YE Y S, HUANG C X, CHAI S X, et al. Effects of straw strip mulching on soil characteristics and yield of winter wheat in dryland[J]. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2021, 39(6): 146−152 doi: 10.7606/j.issn.1000-7601.2021.06.16
    [2] WANG J D, ZHANG Y Q, GONG S H, et al. Evapotranspiration, crop coefficient and yield for drip-irrigated winter wheat with straw mulching in North China Plain[J]. Field Crops Research, 2018, 217: 218−228 doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2017.05.010
    [3] CHEN Y L, LIU T, TIAN X H, et al. Effects of plastic film combined with straw mulch on grain yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat in Loess Plateau[J]. Field Crops Research, 2015, 172: 53−58 doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2014.11.016
    [4] STAGNARI F, GALIENI A, SPECA S, et al. Effects of straw mulch on growth and yield of durum wheat during transition to conservation agriculture in Mediterranean environment[J]. Field Crops Research, 2014, 167: 51−63 doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2014.07.008
    [5] RAM H, DADHWAL V, VASHIST K K, et al. Grain yield and water use efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in relation to irrigation levels and rice straw mulching in North West India[J]. Agricultural Water Management, 2013, 128: 92−101 doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2013.06.011
    [6] CHEN S Y, ZHANG X Y, PEI D, et al. Effects of straw mulching on soil temperature, evaporation and yield of winter wheat: field experiments on the North China Plain[J]. Annals of Applied Biology, 2007, 150(3): 261−268 doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.2007.00144.x
    [7] LI Q Q, CHEN Y H, LIU M Y, et al. Effects of irrigation and straw mulching on microclimate characteristics and water use efficiency of winter wheat in North China[J]. Plant Production Science, 2008, 11(2): 161−170 doi: 10.1626/pps.11.161
    [8] 闫宗正, 陈素英, 张喜英, 等. 秸秆覆盖时间和覆盖量对冬小麦田温度效应及地上地下生长的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2017, 25(12): 1779−1791

    YAN Z Z, CHEN S Y, ZHANG X Y, et al. Effects of amount and time of straw mulching on soil temperature, root growth and yield of winter wheat[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2017, 25(12): 1779−1791
    [9] 陈素英, 张喜英, 孙宏勇, 等. 华北平原秸秆覆盖冬小麦减产原因分析[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2013, 21(5): 519−525 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2013.00519

    CHEN S Y, ZHANG X Y, SUN H Y, et al. Cause and mechanism of winter wheat yield reduction under straw mulch in the North China Plain[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2013, 21(5): 519−525 doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1011.2013.00519
    [10] RASHID M A, ZHANG X Y, ANDERSEN M N, et al. Can mulching of maize straw complement deficit irrigation to improve water use efficiency and productivity of winter wheat in North China Plain?[J]. Agricultural Water Management, 2019, 213: 1−11 doi: 10.1016/j.agwat.2018.10.008
    [11] 高亚军, 李生秀. 旱地秸秆覆盖条件下作物减产的原因及作用机制分析[J]. 农业工程学报, 2005, 21(7): 15−19 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1002-6819.2005.07.004

    GAO Y J, LI S X. Cause and mechanism of crop yield reduction under straw mulch in dryland[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2005, 21(7): 15−19 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1002-6819.2005.07.004
    [12] 张俊鹏, 刘祖贵, 孙景生, 等. 不同水分和覆盖处理对冬小麦生长及水分利用的影响[J]. 灌溉排水学报, 2015, 34(8): 7−11

    ZHANG J P, LIU Z G, SUN J S, et al. Effects of different moisture and mulching treatments on growth and water use efficiency of winter wheat[J]. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage, 2015, 34(8): 7−11
    [13] 李全起, 陈雨海, 于舜章, 等. 灌溉与秸秆覆盖条件下冬小麦农田小气候特征[J]. 作物学报, 2006, 32(2): 306−309 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0496-3490.2006.02.027

    LI Q Q, CHEN Y H, YU S Z, et al. Micro-climate of winter wheat field under the conditions of irrigation and straw mulching[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2006, 32(2): 306−309 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0496-3490.2006.02.027
    [14] 孙世君, 付崇毅, 宋阳, 等. 根区低温对嫁接的黄瓜幼苗根系生长和15N吸收分配的影响[J]. 植物生理学报, 2017, 53(8): 1545−1552

    SUN S J, FU C Y, SONG Y, et al. Effect of low root-zone temperature on growth and 15N uptake and distribution characteristics in grafted cucumber seedling root[J]. Plant Physiology Journal, 2017, 53(8): 1545−1552
    [15] 梁振兴, 马兴林. 冬小麦分蘖发生过程中内源激素作用的研究[J]. 作物学报, 1998, 24(6): 788−792 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0496-3490.1998.06.024

    LIANG Z X, MA X L. Studies on the effects of endogenous hormones on tiller development process of winter wheat[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 1998, 24(6): 788−792 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0496-3490.1998.06.024
    [16] 马兴林, 梁振兴. 冬小麦分蘖衰亡过程中内源激素作用的研究[J]. 作物学报, 1997, 23(2): 200−207 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0496-3490.1997.02.011

    MA X L, LIANG Z X. Studies on the effects of endogeneous hormones in winter wheat tillers during the course of senescence[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 1997, 23(2): 200−207 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0496-3490.1997.02.011
    [17] 李春喜, 赵广才, 代西梅, 等. 小麦分蘖变化动态与内源激素关系的研究[J]. 作物学报, 2000, 26(6): 963−968 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0496-3490.2000.06.051

    LI C X, ZHAO G C, DAI X M, et al. Research on the relationship between wheat tillering dynamics and endogenous hormone[J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2000, 26(6): 963−968 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0496-3490.2000.06.051
    [18] 代西梅, 尚玉磊, 赵保风, 等. 不同分蘖特性小麦内源激素变化动态及其与分蘖发生关系的研究[J]. 河南师范大学学报: 自然科学版, 2000, 28(3): 78−82, 114

    DAI X M, SHANG Y L, ZHAO B F, et al. Research on dynamics of endogenous hormones and their correlation with tillering characters of different varieties of winter wheat[J]. Journal of Henan Normal University: Natural Science, 2000, 28(3): 78−82, 114
    [19] ZHAO J, LI G, YI G X, et al. Comparison between conventional indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (icELISA) and simplified icELISA for small molecules[J]. Analytica Chimica Acta, 2006, 571(1): 79−85 doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2006.04.060
    [20] WANG Y, CHEN S, SUN H, et al. Effects of different cultivation practices on soil temperature and wheat spike differentiation[J]. Cereal Research Communications, 2009, 37(4): 575−584 doi: 10.1556/CRC.37.2009.4.12
    [21] WALKER J M. One-degree increments in soil temperatures affect maize seedling behavior[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 1969, 33(5): 729−736 doi: 10.2136/sssaj1969.03615995003300050031x
    [22] LIU X H, REN Y J, GAO C, et al. Compensation effect of winter wheat grain yield reduction under straw mulching in wide-precision planting in the North China Plain[J]. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7: 213 doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-00391-6
    [23] 高延军, 陈国阶, 张喜英, 等. 不同冬小麦品种对秸秆覆盖响应的差异[J]. 干旱地区农业研究, 2005, 23(5): 7−12 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-7601.2005.05.002

    GAO Y J, CHEN G J, ZHANG X Y, et al. Response of different varieties of winter wheat to straw mulching[J]. Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas, 2005, 23(5): 7−12 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-7601.2005.05.002
    [24] 董文旭, 陈素英, 胡春胜, 等. 少免耕模式对冬小麦生长发育及产量性状的影响[J]. 华北农学报, 2007, 22(2): 141−144 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-7091.2007.02.034

    DONG W X, CHEN S Y, HU C S, et al. The effect of minimum tillage and no-tillage on growth and yield of winter wheat[J]. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Sinica, 2007, 22(2): 141−144 doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-7091.2007.02.034
  • 加载中
图(8) / 表(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  125
  • HTML全文浏览量:  43
  • PDF下载量:  51
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-02-21
  • 录用日期:  2022-03-31
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-01
  • 刊出日期:  2022-05-18

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回