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伴矿景天间作方式对辣椒根围土壤镉迁移与有效性的影响

王高飞 周鹏 王永平 王岩 林杉 邢丹

王高飞, 周鹏, 王永平, 王岩, 林杉, 邢丹. 伴矿景天间作方式对辣椒根围土壤镉迁移与有效性的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(9): 1604−1614 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210038
引用本文: 王高飞, 周鹏, 王永平, 王岩, 林杉, 邢丹. 伴矿景天间作方式对辣椒根围土壤镉迁移与有效性的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(9): 1604−1614 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210038
WANG G F, ZHOU P, WANG Y P, WANG Y, LIN S, XING D. Influence of intercropping Sedum plumbizincicola with Capsicum annum on the migration and availability of soil cadmium[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(9): 1604−1614 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210038
Citation: WANG G F, ZHOU P, WANG Y P, WANG Y, LIN S, XING D. Influence of intercropping Sedum plumbizincicola with Capsicum annum on the migration and availability of soil cadmium[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(9): 1604−1614 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210038

伴矿景天间作方式对辣椒根围土壤镉迁移与有效性的影响

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210038
基金项目: 国家特色蔬菜产业技术体系项目(CARS-24-G-19)和贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合支撑[2018]2329, 黔科合平台人才[2017]5709)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王高飞, 主要研究方向为农业资源高效利用。E-mail: 320852915@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    邢丹, 主要研究方向为辣椒栽培管理。E-mail: 2004xingdan@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S641.3

Influence of intercropping Sedum plumbizincicola with Capsicum annum on the migration and availability of soil cadmium

Funds: This study was supported by the National Characteristic Vegetable Industry Technology System Project of China (CARS-24-G-19) and Guizhou Province Science and Technology Planning Project (Qiankehe Support [2018]2329, Qiankehe Platform Talent [2017]5709)
More Information
  • 摘要: 为明确伴矿景天间作模式对辣椒植物根系周围土壤镉(Cd)迁移与可利用风险的影响, 于2019年在贵州省遵义市新蒲新区进行田间试验, 设置伴矿景天或辣椒单作、伴矿景天条带式间作辣椒(间作1)、伴矿景天交叉式间作辣椒(间作2)、伴矿景天混合式间作辣椒(间作3)等5种种植模式, 收获期采集辣椒根系周围土壤样品, 测定土壤各形态Cd含量和土壤pH、有机质、全量和有效氮磷钾以及球囊霉素(GRSP)含量。结果表明, 与辣椒单作相比, 间作2和间作3使辣椒根系周围土壤酸溶态Cd显著降低39.6%和41.5% (P<0.05), 可还原态Cd含量显著降低23.9%和29.0% (P<0.05)。同时也降低了土壤Cd迁移和植物可利用风险, 其中间作2和间作3处理土壤Cd迁移性分别降低25.8%和34.2%, 可利用性分别降低11.6%和26.9%。3种伴矿景天间作方式显著提高了土壤易提取球囊霉素含量, 分别提高24.5%、39.9%和40.6% (P<0.05); 间作2和间作3处理显著增加土壤总球囊霉素含量, 分别增加51.7%和86.7% (P<0.05)。冗余分析表明, 土壤环境因子对土壤Cd迁移和可利用风险影响重要性排序为总提取球囊霉素>速效钾>pH>易提取球囊霉素>全钾>全磷>全氮>碱解氮>有效磷>有机质, 土壤总提取球囊霉素、速效钾是影响土壤Cd迁移性和可利用性的关键调控因子。综上所述, 伴矿景天间作措施显著降低了辣椒根系周围土壤Cd迁移和可利用风险, 其中交叉式间作和混合式间作效果优于条带式间作。
  • 图  1  不同处理的矿伴景天与辣椒种植模式

    Figure  1.  Intercropping patterns of Capsicum annum and Sedum plumbizincicola of different treatments

    图  2  伴矿景天和辣椒不同种植方式下土壤Cd形态变化

    DZ: 单作; JZ1: 带状间作(间作1); JZ2: 交叉间作(间作2); JZ3: 混合间作(间作3)。图中不同小写字母表示同一植物不同种植方式间在P<0.05水平上差异显著。DZ: monoculture; JZ1: stripe intercropping; JZ2: cross intercropping; JZ3: mixed intercropping. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences among different planting patterns for the same plant at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  2.  Changes of soil Cd forms under different planting patterns of Capsicum annum and Sedum plumbizincicola

    图  3  伴矿景天和辣椒不同种植方式对土壤Cd迁移和Cd可利用的影响

    DZ: 单作; JZ1: 带状间作(间作1); JZ2: 交叉间作(间作2); JZ3: 混合间作(间作3)。图中不同小写字母表示不同植物在不同处理间P<0.05水平上差异显著。DZ: monoculture; JZ1: stripe intercropping; JZ2: cross intercropping; JZ3: mixed intercropping. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences among different planting patterns of different plants at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  3.  Effects of planting patterns of Capsicum annum and Sedum plumbizincicola on the migration and bioavailability of soil Cd

    图  4  伴矿景天和辣椒不同种植方式对土壤总提取球囊霉素(TE-GRSP)、易提取球囊霉素(EE-GRSP)相关蛋白含量影响

    DZ: 单作; JZ1: 带状间作(间作1); JZ2: 交叉间作(间作2); JZ3: 混合间作(间作3)。图中不同小写字母表示不同植物在不同处理间P<0.05水平上差异显著。DZ: monoculture; JZ1: stripe intercropping; JZ2: cross intercropping; JZ3: mixed intercropping. Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences among different planting patterns of different plants at P<0.05 level.

    Figure  4.  Effects of planting patterns of Capsicum annum and Sedum plumbizincicola on contents of soil total extraction of globulin (TE-GRSP) and easily extracted globulin (EE-GRSP)

    图  5  土壤化学性质、球囊霉素与Cd迁移性、可利用性的冗余度分析

    OM: 有机质; TN: 全氮; TP: 全磷; TK: 全钾; AN: 碱解氮; OP: 有效磷; AK: 速效钾; TE-GRSP: 总提取球囊霉素; EE-GRSP: 易提取球囊霉素。OM: organic matter; TN: total nitrogen; TP: total phosphorus; TK: total potassium; AN: available nitrogen; OP: Olsen phosphorus; AK: available potassium; TE-GRSP: total extraction of globulin; EE-GRSP: easily extracted globulin.

    Figure  5.  Redundancy analysis of soil chemical properties and glomalin content and the mobility and availability of Cd

    表  1  伴矿景天和辣椒不同种植方式对土壤化学性质的影响

    Table  1.   Effects of planting patterns of Capsicum annum and Sedum plumbizincicola on soil chemical properties

    处理
    Treatment
    pH有机质
    Organic matter
    (g·kg−1)
    全氮
    Total nitrogen (g·kg−1)
    全磷
    Total phosphorus (g·kg−1)
    全钾
    Total potassium (g·kg−1)
    碱解氮
    Available nitrogen (mg·kg−1)
    有效磷
    Olsen phosphorus (mg·kg−1)
    速效钾
    Available potassium (mg·kg−1)
    单作
    Single
    S 7.07±0.27a 13.7±1.8ab 0.82±0.01b 0.89±0.01cd 15.1±0.4ab 49.7±2.1c 10.1±0.2d 140±4.0d
    P 7.69±0.06b 7.7±0.84c 0.54±0.06c 0.78±0.01ef 15.5±1.3a 30.1±2.1d 6.2±0.6e 95±9.0e
    间作1
    Intercropping 1
    S 7.66±0.36b 14.4±2.2a 0.76±0.02b 1.10±0.10b 13.7±0.1cd 66.3±9.5a 25.7±0.7a 163±16bcd
    P 7.63±0.08b 11.0±1.3b 0.97±0.19a 1.20±0.03a 13.9±0.5cd 43.7±5.3c 22.4±0.0b 197±12a
    间作2
    Intercropping 2
    S 7.58±0.05b 11.2±0.58b 0.78±0.04b 0.73±0.09f 12.7±0.6de 53.4±5.3bc 10.0±0.0d 152±8.0cd
    P 7.71±0.06b 14.2±0.32a 0.91±0.09ab 0.96±0.02c 12.3±0.2e 60.0±3.0ab 15.3±0.6c 166±9.0bc
    间作3
    Intercropping 3
    S 7.61±0.02b 12.0±0.86b 0.80±0.06b 0.73±0.01f 14.3±0.2bc 47.6±8.4c 14.0±0.6c 180±17ab
    P 7.71±0.03b 12.7±2.0ab 0.85±0.04ab 0.83±0.01de 13.5±0.8cde 63.7±0.7a 22.5±2.4b 201±20a
      间作1: 条带式间作; 间作2: 交叉式间作; 间作3: 混合式间作。S为伴矿景天, P为辣椒。同列数据后不同字母表示在P<0.05水平差异显著。Intercropping 1: stripe intercropping; Intercropping 2: cross intercropping; Intercropping 3: mixed intercropping. S is Sedum plumbizincicola and P is Capsicum annum. Different letters after mean values in the same column indicate significant differences among different planting patterns of different plants at P<0.05 level.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  土壤Cd迁移性和可利用性与土壤化学性质和球囊霉素含量的冗余分析

    Table  2.   RDA sequencing results of soil Cd mobility and availability and soil chemical properties and globulin contents

    参数 Statistic第1轴 Axis 1第2轴 Axis 2第3轴 Axis 3第4轴 Axis 4
    土壤特征值 Eigenvalues 0.5471 0.1522 0.1701 0.1307
    变异的累积解释量 Explained variation (cumulative) 54.71 69.93 86.93 100.00
    相关性 Pseudo-canonical correlation 0.8735 0.7334 0.0000 0.0000
    累积解释量 Explained fitted variation (cumulative) 78.23 100.00
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  土壤化学性质与球囊霉素的显著性检验结果和重要性排序

    Table  3.   Significance and importance of soil chemical properties and glomalin content

    指标
    Index
    重要性排序
    Order of importance
    解释量
    Explains (%)
    FP
    TE-GRSP136.312.60.002
    AK216.94.50.024
    pH311.72.90.076
    EE-GRSP49.62.30.12
    TK59.32.20.108
    TP67.61.80.162
    TN77.01.70.216
    AN86.21.40.224
    OP91.80.40.634
    OM10<0.1<0.10.994
      TE-GRSP: 总提取球囊霉素; AK: 速效钾; EE-GRSP: 易提取球囊霉素; TK: 全钾; TP: 全磷; TN: 全氮; AN: 碱解氮; OP: 有效磷; OM: 有机质。TE-GRSP: total extraction of globulin; AK: available potassium; EE-GRSP: easily extracted globulin; TK: total potassium; TP: total phosphorus; TN: total nitrogen; AN: available nitrogen; OP: Olsen phosphorus; OM: organic matter.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-17
  • 录用日期:  2021-04-02
  • 修回日期:  2021-04-02
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-26
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-06

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