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基于DNDC模型评估湖北省不同稻作系统不同管理措施温室气体排放的周年变化

吴梦琴 李成芳 盛锋 冯珺珩 胡权义 陈淯琨 周浩之 刘天奇

吴梦琴, 李成芳, 盛锋, 冯珺珩, 胡权义, 陈淯琨, 周浩之, 刘天奇. 基于DNDC模型评估湖北省不同稻作系统不同管理措施温室气体排放的周年变化[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(9): 1480−1492 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210099
引用本文: 吴梦琴, 李成芳, 盛锋, 冯珺珩, 胡权义, 陈淯琨, 周浩之, 刘天奇. 基于DNDC模型评估湖北省不同稻作系统不同管理措施温室气体排放的周年变化[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(9): 1480−1492 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210099
WU M Q, LI C F, SHENG F, FENG J H, HU Q Y, CHEN Y K, ZHOU H Z, LIU T Q. Assessment of the annual greenhouse gases emissions under different rice-based cropping systems in Hubei Province based on the denitrification-decomposition (DNDC) model[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(9): 1480−1492 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210099
Citation: WU M Q, LI C F, SHENG F, FENG J H, HU Q Y, CHEN Y K, ZHOU H Z, LIU T Q. Assessment of the annual greenhouse gases emissions under different rice-based cropping systems in Hubei Province based on the denitrification-decomposition (DNDC) model[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(9): 1480−1492 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210099

基于DNDC模型评估湖北省不同稻作系统不同管理措施温室气体排放的周年变化

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210099
基金项目: 国家重点研究计划项目(2017YFD0301403)、国家自然科学基金项目(71871086)、湖北省自然科学基金(2018CFB608)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2662019FW009)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴梦琴,主要从事稻田生态研究。E-mail: 1914316264@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    刘天奇,主要研究方向为农业碳中和和土壤碳氮循环。E-mail: 570112975@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: X511

Assessment of the annual greenhouse gases emissions under different rice-based cropping systems in Hubei Province based on the denitrification-decomposition (DNDC) model

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Project of China (2017YFD0301403), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71871086), the Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province (2018CFB608) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2662019FW009)
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  • 摘要: 为了探究不同管理措施对湖北省主要稻作系统CH4和N2O周年排放的影响, 利用田间观测数据验证DNDC模型后, 结合地理信息系统(ArcGIS)模拟和测算湖北省不同稻作系统温室气体的周年排放。本研究于2019年在鄂西北的枣阳市设置水稻-小麦(RW)、水稻-再生稻(RO)稻作系统, 在鄂东南的武穴市设置RO、水稻-油菜(RR)稻作系统, 在江汉平原的潜江市设置RW、RO、RR稻作系统, 每个稻作系统均设置常规栽培和优化栽培(包括氮肥深施、节水灌溉、秸秆还田等)两个模式, 通过静态箱法测定温室气体CH4和N2O的周年排放特征。大田验证试验结果显示, 不同稻作系统不同栽培模式下CH4和N2O排放实测值与模拟值归一化均方根误差(NRMSE)值为19.3%~24.2%, 模型拟合度在可接受范围之内。DNDC模型模拟和估算结果表明, 湖北省稻作区增温潜势(GWP)表现为江汉平原>鄂东南>鄂西北, 不同区域稻作系统CH4的排放总量、N2O的排放总量和GWP均表现为RW>RO>RR。优化栽培管理模式可以明显减少CH4和N2O排放, 与常规栽培管理模式相比, 优化栽培管理模式下RW、RO和RR的单位面积CH4排放量分别降低9.5%~18.0%、7.3%~18.4%和18.2%~22.4%, N2O排放量分别降低4.2%~14.2%、6.9%~24.7%和8.8%~18.1%。优化栽培管理后, 各地区的GWP表现为, 鄂西北: 襄阳>十堰>神农架; 鄂东南: 黄冈>咸宁>武汉>黄石>鄂州; 江汉平原: 荆州>荆门>孝感>随州>天门>仙桃>潜江。优化栽培管理模式下鄂西北、鄂东南和江汉平原稻田CH4周年排放总量较常规栽培管理模式分别降低11.8%、14.4%和16.3%, 稻田N2O周年排放总量分别降低82.4%、77.5%和83.0%。本研究结果表明, DNDC模型可以较好地模拟湖北省不同稻作系统下温室气体的排放, 同时优化稻作管理模式对稻田生产具有好的减排效果, 为在湖北省推广该模式提供理论依据。
  • 图  1  湖北省不同稻作区常规模式与优化模式下稻田CH4 (a)和N2O (b)周年排放总量

    RW: 水稻-小麦系统; RR: 水稻-油菜系统; RO: 再生稻系统。RW: rice-wheat cropping system; RR: rice-oilseed rape cropping system; RO: rice-ratoon rice cropping system.

    Figure  1.  Total cumulative CH4 (a) and N2O (b) emissions from different rice-based cropping systems under different cultivation modes in Hubei Province in 2019

    表  1  湖北省不同稻作区试验点土壤肥力状况

    Table  1.   Soil fertility status of the experimental sites in different rice planting regions in Hubei Province

    稻作区
    Rice planting
    region
    硝态氮
    Nitrate nitrogen
    (mg∙kg−1)
    铵态氮
    Ammonium nitrogen
    (mg∙kg−1)
    有机质
    Organic
    matter
    (g∙kg−1)
    速效磷
    Available phosphorus
    (mg∙kg−1)
    速效钾
    Available potassium
    (mg∙kg−1)
    全氮
    Total nitrogen
    (g∙kg−1)
    全磷
    Total phosphorus
    (g∙kg−1)
    全钾
    Total potassium
    (g∙kg−1)
    pH容重
    Bulk
    density
    (g∙cm−3)
    枣阳 Zaoyang5.358.0116.9011.2592.362.050.873.006.751.29
    武穴 Wuxuan6.679.9619.5510.0790.151.680.493.356.751.29
    潜江 Qianjiang4.209.1018.8711.5698.631.800.853.237.851.05
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  湖北省不同稻作区不同稻作管理模式CH4和N2O排放通量的DNDC模型拟合度(NRMSE)检测

    Table  2.   Fit check of CH4 and N2O fluxes under different rice cultivation modes based on DNDC model fit test (NRMSE) in different rice planting regions of Hubei Province % 

    地区 RegionCH4N2O
    常规模式
    Conventional cultivation mode
    优化模式
    Optimized cultivation mode
    常规模式
    Conventional cultivation mode
    优化模式
    Optimized cultivation mode
    RWRORRRWRORRRWRORRRWRORR
    鄂西北 Northwest Hubei19.720.520.221.320.421.319.723.0
    鄂东南 Southeast Hubei20.524.422.420.619.424.220.422.2
    江汉平原 Jianghan Plain20.221.424.119.720.623.219.721.423.720.219.123.1
      RW: 水稻-小麦系统; RR: 水稻-油菜系统; RO: 再生稻系统; “—”表示稻作模式在相应的区域中面积很小,忽略不计。RW: rice-wheat cropping system; RR: rice-oilseed rape cropping system; RO: rice-ratoon rice cropping system. “—” means that the rice cropping pattern has a small area in this area, and the greenhouse gases are ignored.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2019年湖北省不同稻作区不同管理模式下不同稻作系统周年CH4和N2O排放总量

    Table  3.   Annual CH4 and N2O emissions of different rice-based cropping systems under different cultivation modes in different rice planting regions in Hubei Province in 2019

    地区
    Region
    CH4 排放量 CH4 emission [kg(CH4-C)∙hm−2]N2O排放量 N2O emission [kg(N2O-N)∙hm−2]
    常规模式
    Conventional cultivation mode
    优化模式
    Optimized cultivation mode
    常规模式
    Conventional cultivation mode
    优化模式
    Optimized cultivation mode
    RWRORRRWRORRRWRORRRWRORR
    鄂西北
    Northwest Hubei
    十堰
    Shiyan
    321.9293.1276.6271.68.251.667.531.49
    襄阳
    Xiangyang
    359.2331.3317.6280.88.861.898.261.64
    神农架
    Shennongjia
    334.2321.5302.5276.88.061.537.721.40
    鄂东南
    Southeast Hubei
    武汉
    Wuhan
    306.3251.3263.3200.92.152.252.002.02
    黄冈
    Huanggang
    362.2273.1324.4205.32.362.212.082.03
    鄂州
    Ezhou
    355.2279.3312.6222.92.252.061.911.88
    黄石
    Huangshi
    364.3260.6314.5193.82.472.282.011.96
    咸宁
    Xianning
    367.5264.9319.3208.12.312.152.151.96
    江汉平原
    Jianghan Plain
    荆门
    Jingmen
    364.3354.2268.9305.3303.5225.79.632.652.548.262.262.08
    荆州
    Jingzhou
    370.2344.7276.8307.5292.4211.89.152.312.218.332.101.98
    天门
    Tianmen
    354.3342.3261.5295.4279.2214.58.552.522.367.412.041.95
    仙桃
    Xiantao
    360.7331.2264.5296.6273.3220.98.362.422.387.441.841.99
    孝感
    Xiaogan
    381.1357.6276.7319.9304.9234.28.472.382.217.632.041.94
    随州
    Suizhou
    390.2361.5328.4324.28.692.477.581.86
    潜江
    Qianjiang
    348.2328.8246.7285.5271.9197.58.522.572.477.362.012.16
      RW: 水稻-小麦系统; RR: 水稻-油菜系统; RO: 再生稻系统; “—”表示稻作模式在相应的区域中面积很小,忽略不计。RW: rice-wheat cropping system; RR: rice-oilseed rape cropping system; RO: rice-ratoon rice cropping system. “—” means that the rice cropping pattern has a small area in this area, and the greenhouse gases are ignored.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  2019年湖北省不同稻作区不同管理模式下不同稻作系统周年增温潜势

    Table  4.   Annual global warming potential of different rice-based cropping systems under different management modes in different rice planting regions in Hubei Province in 2019 t (CO2 eq)∙hm−2 

    地区 Region常规模式 Conventional cultivation mode优化模式 Optimized cultivation mode
    RWRORRRWRORR
    鄂西北 Northwest Hubei十堰 Shiyan16.2213.4214.3912.22
    襄阳 Xiangyang18.7514.5215.5012.46
    神农架 Shennongjia16.3514.3815.2012.18
    鄂东南 Southeast Hubei武汉 Wuhan14.6511.7812.0610.15
    黄冈 Huanggang14.7712.1713.5810.20
    鄂州 Ezhou14.3112.2813.3010.62
    黄石 Huangshi14.5612.0713.3910.00
    咸宁 Xianning14.6412.3313.5410.34
    江汉平原 Jianghan Plain荆门 Jingmen17.6814.3612.4115.2413.1010.83
    荆州 Jingzhou17.8714.2812.4715.4212.8510.39
    天门 Tianmen18.2614.3312.2514.9312.4810.40
    仙桃 Xiantao18.5714.4712.3614.7912.3310.54
    孝感 Xiaogan18.6614.8512.5215.5213.1010.90
    随州 Suizhou19.1614.7915.6613.52
    潜江 Qianjiang18.8814.5412.1114.5112.2110.19
      RW: 水稻-小麦系统; RR: 水稻-油菜系统; RO: 再生稻系统; “—”表示稻作模式在相应的区域中面积很小,忽略不计。RW: rice-wheat cropping system; RR:rice-oilseed rape cropping system; RO: rice-ratoon rice cropping system. “—” means that the rice cropping pattern has a small area in this area, and the greenhouse gases are ignored.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  2019年湖北省不同稻作区不同管理模式下不同稻作系统温室气体周年排放总量

    Table  5.   Cumulative greenhouse gas emissions from different rice-based cropping systems under different cultivation modes in different rice planting regions in Hubei Province in 2019

    地区
    Region
    CH4排放量 CH4 emission [t (CH4-C)]N2O排放量 N2O emission [t (N2O-N)]
    常规模式
    Conventional cultivation mode
    优化模式
    Optimized cultivation mode
    常规模式
    Conventional cultivation mode
    优化模式
    Optimized cultivation mode
    RWRORRRWRORRRWRORRRWRORR
    鄂西北
    Northwest Hubei
    十堰
    Shiyan
    18 271 12 735 15 700 11 801 468 72 81.2 12.3
    襄阳
    Xiangyang
    139 671 12 430 123 496 10 536 3445 71 610.2 11.7
    神农架
    Shennongjia
    90 84 82 72 2 0 0.4 0.1
    鄂东南
    Southeast Hubei
    武汉
    Wuhan
    10 025 972 8618 777 70 9 12.4 3.1
    黄冈
    Huanggang
    44 370 19 965 39 739 15 009 289 162 48.4 66.8
    鄂州
    Ezhou
    4124 372 3629 297 26 3 4.2 1.0
    黄石
    Huangshi
    11 869 122 10 246 90 80 1 12.4 0.4
    咸宁
    Xianning
    28 400 3098 24 676 2433 179 25 31.6 9.2
    江汉平原
    Jianghan Plain
    荆门
    Jingmen
    47 884 36 904 8372 40 129 31 622 7027 1266 276 79 206.3 44.7 25.9
    荆州
    Jingzhou
    65 537 63 390 19 703 54 437 53 772 15 076 1620 425 157 280.2 73.4 26.4
    天门
    Tianmen
    23 586 11 351 872 19 665 9258 715 569 84 8 93.7 12.9 2.6
    仙桃
    Xiantao
    10 136 16 325 882 8334 13 471 736 235 119 8 39.7 17.2 2.7
    孝感
    Xiaogan
    32 302 23 094 1424 27 115 19 690 1205 718 154 11 122.9 25.0 4.0
    随州
    Suizhou
    27 653 8430 23 274 7560 616 58 102.1 8.2
    潜江
    Qianjiang
    12 762 6902 82 10 464 5707 66 312 54 1 51.3 8.0 0.3
      RW: 水稻-小麦系统; RR: 水稻-油菜系统; RO: 再生稻系统 “—”表示稻作模式在相应的区域中面积很小,忽略不计。RW: rice-wheat cropping system; RR: rice-oilseed rape cropping system; RO: rice-ratoon rice cropping system. “—” means that the rice cropping pattern has a small area in this area, and the greenhouse gases are ignored.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-23
  • 录用日期:  2021-04-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-13
  • 刊出日期:  2021-09-06

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