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磷肥施用量对石灰性土壤磷组分和作物磷积累量的影响

徐晓峰 米倩 刘迪 付森林 王旭刚 郭大勇 周文利

徐晓峰, 米倩, 刘迪, 付森林, 王旭刚, 郭大勇, 周文利. 磷肥施用量对石灰性土壤磷组分和作物磷积累量的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 30(0): 1−10 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210186
引用本文: 徐晓峰, 米倩, 刘迪, 付森林, 王旭刚, 郭大勇, 周文利. 磷肥施用量对石灰性土壤磷组分和作物磷积累量的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 30(0): 1−10 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210186
XU X F, MI Q, LIU D, FU S L, WANG X G, GUO D Y, ZHOU W L. Effect of phosphorus fertilizer rate on phosphorus fractions contents in calcareous soil and phosphorus accumulation amount in crop[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 30(0): 1−10 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210186
Citation: XU X F, MI Q, LIU D, FU S L, WANG X G, GUO D Y, ZHOU W L. Effect of phosphorus fertilizer rate on phosphorus fractions contents in calcareous soil and phosphorus accumulation amount in crop[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 30(0): 1−10 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210186

磷肥施用量对石灰性土壤磷组分和作物磷积累量的影响

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210186
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0201700)资助
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    徐晓峰, 主要从事农田养分资源管理、农业废弃物资源化研究。Email: xuxf101@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S158.5

Effect of phosphorus fertilizer rate on phosphorus fractions contents in calcareous soil and phosphorus accumulation amount in crop

Funds: This study was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFD0201700)
More Information
  • 摘要: 为了明确磷肥减量施用对石灰性土壤磷组分及其与作物磷积累量关系的影响, 设置3个施磷量, 按纯磷计分别为150 kg·hm−2(P150)、37.5 kg·hm−2(P37)和0 kg·hm−2(P0), 经过连续2年4季冬小麦-夏玉米轮作, 采用Hedley土壤磷组分分组法, 研究土壤磷组分含量的变化及其存储贡献率、输出贡献率, 并采用回归分析、通径分析和结构方程模型探讨土壤关键磷组分及其与磷肥施用量、作物磷积累量间的关系。结果表明, 与P37处理相比, P150处理导致土壤全磷显著增加, 并显著提高阴离子交换树脂态无机磷组分(resin_Pi)、NaHCO3提取态无机磷(NaHCO3_Pi)、NH4OAc提取态无机磷(NH4OAc_Pi)、NaOH-Na2S2O6提取态无机磷(Fe_Pi)和NaHCO3提取态有机磷(NaHCO3_Po)等组分含量(P<0.05)。P0处理与P37处理相比, 土壤磷及其组分含量无显著变化。土壤无机磷组分和有机磷组分的存储贡献率分别为72.6%和23.8%。土壤盈余磷主要存储在HCl提取态无机磷(HCl_Pi)、Fe_Pi、NH4OAc_Pi、resin_Pi和HCl提取态有机磷(HCl_Po)等组分中。土壤无机磷组分的输出贡献率为41.0%, 有机磷组分的输出贡献率为56.4%。其中HCl_Po、Fe_Pi和NH4OAc_Pi的输出贡献率分别为39.44%、17.36%和13.06%。HCl_Pi和resin_Pi的输出贡献率仅为1.91%和0.40%。在结构方程模型中, 施磷量对Fe_Pi、HCl_Pi、NH4OAc_Pi、resin_Pi、NH4F_Po、NaHCO3_Pi和NaHCO3_Po等组分的载荷因子分别为0.078、0.077、0.061、0.036、0.018、0.015和0.012。Fe_Pi、NH4OAc_Pi和HCl_Po等组分对作物磷积累量的载荷因子分别为0.355、0.334和−0.039。上述结果表明, 石灰性土壤中, Fe_Pi、NH4OAc_Pi和HCl_Po是关键磷组分, 其中Fe_Pi和NH4OAc_Pi在不施磷时易消耗, 但也易通过施磷得到补充; HCl_Po有效性高, 不易更新。HCl_Pi有效性低, 是磷肥当季有效性低的重要原因。建议磷肥施用量的决策应以关键磷组分的存储贡献率为依据。
  • 图  1  肥料磷在土壤磷组分中的分配及磷组分对作物磷吸收量的贡献

    各磷组分说明见表1的表注。线段宽度代表载荷因子大小, 线段上数值为“载荷因子(P值)”。The description of each phosphorus fraction is shown in the note of Table 1The width of line segment represents the load factor size, and the value on the line segment is “load factor (P value)”.

    Figure  1.  Distribution of fertilizer phosphorus in soil phosphorus fractions and contributions of phosphorus fractions to crop phosphorus uptake

    表  1  不同施磷处理下土壤各磷组分及总磷含量

    Table  1.   Contents of phosphorus fractions and total phosphorus in soil under different phosphorus rates mg·kg−1

    施磷量
    Phosphorus rate
    (kg·hm−2)
    resin_PiNaHCO3_PiNH4OAC_PiNH4F_PiFe_PiHCl_Pires_P
    0 (P0)6.61±0.96b6.01±0.48c77.11±5.54b30.67±2.25a31.42±5.12b274.08±25.01a326.50±22.03a
    37 (P37)6.72±0.67b7.29±0.31bc80.73±3.15b31.68±1.73a36.23±10.52b274.61±43.99a327.23±76.24a
    150 (P150)17.64±4.71a9.43±2.62a94.07±4.95a34.69±11.81a53.96±3.58a298.57±64.08a330.81±42.40a
    施磷量
    Phosphorus rate
    (kg·hm−2)
    resin_PoNaHCO3_PoNH4OAC_PoNH4F_PoFe_PoHCl_PoTP
    0 (P0)11.81±0.99b0.37±0.15b11.26±0.98a6.44±1.63ab33.86±6.19a236.25±27.04a1052.38±20.38b
    37 (P37)13.36±0.87b0.67±0.58b12.25±2.49a7.42±2.20ab34.73±11.62a247.18±36.04a1080.09±64.76b
    150 (P150)17.08±5.96ab4.51±4.75a13.53±11.72a11.52±5.21a35.98±6.88a256.29±49.04a1178.07±11.25a
      不同小写字母表示P<0.05水平不同施磷量间差异显著。resin_Pi: 阴离子交换树脂态无机磷; resin_Po: 阴离子交换树脂态有机磷; NaHCO3_Pi: NaHCO3提取态无机磷; NaHCO3_Po: NaHCO3提取态有机磷; NH4OAC_Pi: NH4OAc提取态无机磷; NH4OAC_Po: NH4OAc提取态有机磷; NH4F_Pi: NH4F提取态无机磷; NH4F_Po: NH4F提取态有机磷; Fe_Pi: NaOH-Na2S2O6提取态无机磷; Fe_Po: NaOH-Na2S2O6提取态有机磷; HCl_Pi: HCl提取态无机磷; HCl_Po: HCl提取态有机磷; res_P: 残渣态磷; TP: 全磷。Different lowercase letters indicate significant differences among different phosphorus rates at P<0.05. resin_Pi: inorganic phosphorus extracted with anion exchangeresin; resin_Po: organic phosphorus extracted with anion exchangeresin; NaHCO3_Pi: inorganic phosphorus extracted with NaHCO3 solution; NaHCO3_Po: organic phosphorus extracted with NaHCO3 solution; NH4OAC_Pi: inorganic phosphorus extracted with NH4OAc solution; NH4OAC_Po: organic phosphorus extracted with NH4OAc solution; NH4F_Pi: inorganic phosphorus extracted with NH4F solution; NH4F_Po: organic phosphorus extracted with NH4F solution; Fe_Pi: inorganic phosphorus extracted with NaOH-Na2S2O6 solution; Fe_Po: organic phosphorus extracted with NaOH-Na2S2O6 solution; HCl_Pi: inorganic phosphorus extracted with HCl solution; HCl_Po: organic phosphorus extracted with HCl solution; res_P: residual phosphorus; TP: total phosphrous.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同土壤磷组分对磷在土壤中存储和输出的贡献

    Table  2.   Contribution rates of soil phosphorus fractions to storage and output of phosphorus in soil %

    项目 Itemresin_PiNaHCO3_PiNH4OAc_PiNH4F_PiFe_PiHCl_Pi合计 Total
    输出贡献率 Output contribution rate0.404.6213.063.6417.361.9141.00
    存储贡献率 Storage contribution rate11.152.1813.623.0718.1024.4572.57
    项目 Itemresin_PoNaHCO3_PoNH4OAc_PoNH4F_PoFe_PoHCl_Po合计 Total
    输出贡献率 Output contribution rate5.591.083.573.543.1439.4456.37
    存储贡献率 Storage contribution rate3.803.921.314.181.289.3023.78
    各磷组分说明见表1的表注。
    Note: The description of each phosphorus fraction is shown in the note of Table 1.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  作物磷吸收量与土壤磷组分含量多元回归及通径分析结果

    Table  3.   Multiple regression and path analysis between soil phosphorus fractions contents and phosphorus uptake amount of crop

    项目
    Item
    系数
    Coefficient
    P
    P value
    直接效应
    Direct effect
    间接效应
    Indirect effect
    总效应
    Total effect
    截距 Intercept −19.07 0.67
    resin_Pi −1.99 0.16 −0.74 1.34 0.60
    NaHCO3_Pi 3.47 0.06 0.72 −0.16 0.56
    NH4OAc_Pi 0.44 0.28 0.31 0.22 0.53
    NaHCO3_Po 2.80 0.11 0.56 −0.05 0.51
    NH4F_Pi 1.70 0.05 0.68 −0.20 0.48
    resin_Po −1.85 0.10 −0.64 0.82 0.19
    res_P 0.07 0.22 0.26 −0.09 0.17
    NH4OAc_Po −0.81 0.29 −0.30 0.45 0.15
    NH4F_Po 2.07 0.13 0.60 −0.57 0.03
    HCl_Po −0.07 0.23 −0.25 0.04 −0.21
      各磷组分说明见表1的表注。
    Note: The description of each phosphorus fraction is shown in the note of Table 1.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  磷肥施用量与土壤磷组分含量的线性回归方程

    Table  4.   Regression relationship between soil phosphorus fractions contents and phosphorus fertilizer rate

    磷组分
    Phosphorus fraction
    截距
    Intercept
    斜率
    Slope
    R2P
    P value
    Fe_Pi3.287.400.661.02×10−6
    NH4OAc_Pi7.636.090.694.21×10−7
    resin_Pi5.413.650.762.11×10−8
    resin_Po1.212.480.414.32×10−4
    NaHCO3_Pi6.321.760.614.63×10−6
    NH4F_Po5.681.660.257.56×10−3
    NaHCO3_Po0.471.270.379.83×10−4
      各磷组分说明见表1的表注。
    Note: The description of each phosphorus fraction is shown in the note of Table 1.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  土壤磷组分含量及施肥量和作物磷吸收量的相关关系

    Table  5.   Correlations between soil phosphorus fractions contents, phosphorus fertilizer rate and crop phosphorus absorption

    NaHCO3_PiNH4OAc_PiNH4F_PiFe_PiHCl_Piresin_PoNaHCO3_PoNH4OAc_PoNH4F_PoFe_PoHCl_Pores_PP_uptakePapplying
    Resin_Pi 0.57** 0.72** 0.39 0.77** 0.07 0.32 0.80** 0.03 0.32 0.03 0.17 0.22 0.60** 0.88**
    NaHCO3_Pi 0.70** 0.36 0.64** 0.45* 0.72** 0.28 0.39 0.40 0.20 −0.01 −0.10 0.56** 0.79**
    NH4OAc_Pi 0.29 0.81** 0.20 0.65** 0.50* 0.09 0.42* 0.10 0.11 −0.05 0.53** 0.83**
    NH4F_Pi 0.38 0.17 0.06 0.23 0.54** −0.19 0.05 0.09 −0.21 0.48* 0.38
    Fe_Pi 0.15 0.51* 0.68** 0.15 0.33 −0.32 0.14 −0.03 0.57** 0.82**
    HCl_Pi 0.20 −0.06 0.45* 0.14 0.37 −0.68** −0.36 0.30 0.27
    resin_Po 0.14 0.14 0.62** 0.27 0.26 −0.16 0.19 0.66**
    NaHCO3_Po −0.26 0.00** −0.15 0.10 0.25 0.51* 0.63**
    NH4OAc_Po 0.29 0.00** 0.06 −0.50* 0.15 0.22
    NH4F_Po 0.13 0.38 −0.17 0.03 0.53**
    Fe_Po −0.30 0.05 0.09 0.17
    HCl_Po −0.07 −0.21 0.18
    res_P 0.17 0.05
    P_uptake 0.59**
    各磷组分说明见表1的表注。
    Note: The description of each phosphorus fraction is shown in the note of Table 1.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-26
  • 录用日期:  2021-08-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-08-27

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