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农户采纳稻虾共作模式意愿的影响因素及其异质性

胡乃娟 王羽涛 陈倩 朱利群

胡乃娟, 王羽涛, 陈倩, 朱利群. 农户采纳稻虾共作模式意愿的影响因素及其异质性[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(10): 1752−1761 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210281
引用本文: 胡乃娟, 王羽涛, 陈倩, 朱利群. 农户采纳稻虾共作模式意愿的影响因素及其异质性[J]. 中国生态农业学报(中英文), 2021, 29(10): 1752−1761 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210281
HU N J, WANG Y T, CHEN Q, ZHU L Q. Influencing factors of farmers’ willingness to adopt rice-crayfish co-culture andtheir heterogeneity[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(10): 1752−1761 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210281
Citation: HU N J, WANG Y T, CHEN Q, ZHU L Q. Influencing factors of farmers’ willingness to adopt rice-crayfish co-culture and their heterogeneity[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2021, 29(10): 1752−1761 doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210281

农户采纳稻虾共作模式意愿的影响因素及其异质性

doi: 10.13930/j.cnki.cjea.210281
基金项目: 教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金(20YJCZH044)、中国博士后科学基金项目(2019M651872)和江苏省农业科技自主创新资金项目[CX(18)3074]资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    胡乃娟, 研究方向为区域农业生态管理。E-mail: hunaijuan@163.com

    通讯作者:

    朱利群, 主要研究方向为区域农业发展与农业生态。E-mail: zhulq@njau.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: F323.3

Influencing factors of farmers’ willingness to adopt rice-crayfish co-culture and their heterogeneity

Funds: This study was supported by the Youth Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (20YJCZH044), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2019M651872) and Jiangsu Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Fund [CX(18)3074]
More Information
  • 摘要: 近年来, 水稻-小龙虾共作(稻虾共作)作为一种生态农业模式受到大力推广, 农户作为直接生产决策者, 厘清其采纳意愿及影响机理, 对稻虾共作模式的科学推广和可持续发展具有重要意义。本研究基于江苏省5市603个农户的调查数据, 采用计划行为理论和有序Logistic模型, 探讨农户稻虾共作模式采纳意愿的影响因素和异质性。结果表明: 1)样本中有56.88%的农户愿意采纳稻虾共作模式, 且收益预期是关键影响因素; 2)行为态度、主观规范和知觉行为控制均显著影响农户稻虾共作模式的采纳意愿; 3)不同限定条件下, 农户稻虾共作模式采纳意愿的影响因素具有异质性, 具体来说, 基础设施完备和兼业化对高预期收益农户采纳意愿的影响更强, 给予补贴、受邻里效应影响越小的农户采纳意愿越强, 同时, 受邻里影响小的农户对技术培训及学习容易程度要求越高, 给予补贴和提高农技部门指导效果可以提高基础设施不完备地区农户的采纳意愿, 邻里效应和兼业化对技术学习难易有负向影响, 而收益预期、环境预期能激励农户采纳生态农业模式。据此, 提出政府部门应加强技术培训力度和指导效果、完善基础设施、加快经营主体培育、探索差异化激励政策等政策建议。
  • 图  1  农户稻虾共作模式采纳意愿理论分析框架

    Figure  1.  Theoretical analysis framework of farmers’ willingness to adopt the rice-crayfish co-culture

    表  1  样本农户的基本情况

    Table  1.   Basic information of the sample farmers

    指标
    Index
    分类
    Category
    频数
    Frequency
    占比
    Percent (%)
    指标
    Index
    分类
    Category
    频数
    Frequency
    占比
    Percent (%)
    性别 Gender男 Male44774.13耕地面积
    Area of arable land (hm2)
    <2.0035258.37
    女 Female15625.872.00~13.3319231.84
    年龄 Age≤3091.49>13.33599.78
    31~4510417.25受教育程度
    Education
    文盲 Illiterate10517.41
    46~6033355.22小学 Primary school15525.70
    >6015726.04初中 Junior middle school20433.83
    新型农业经营主体
    New agricultural business entities
    是 Yes25442.12高中或中专
    High school or secondary school
    12220.23
    否 No34957.88大专及以上 College or above172.82
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  农户稻虾共作模式采纳意愿模型变量赋值及描述性统计

    Table  2.   Assignment of model variables and descriptive statistics of farmers’ willingness to adopt the rice-crayfish co-culture

    变量类型
    Variable category
    变量名称
    Variable name
    定义与赋值
    Definition and assignment
    均值
    Mean
    标准差
    Standard deviation
    被解释变量
    Independent variable
    稻虾共作模式采纳意愿
    Adoption willingness
    愿意=1; 不愿意=2
    Willing=1, unwilling=2
    1.43 0.50
    行为态度
    Attitude toward the behavior
    环境预期
    Environmental expectations
    稻虾共作模式是否减少环境污染: 是=1; 否=2
    Does the rice-crayfish co-culture reduce environmental pollution? Yes=1, no=2
    1.24 0.43
    收益预期
    Earnings expectations
    稻虾共作模式是否增加收益: 是=1; 否=2
    Does the rice-crayfish co-culture increase income? Yes=1, no=2
    1.25 0.43
    风险预期
    Risk expectations
    稻虾共作模式是否存在环境风险: 是=1; 否=2
    Does the rice-crayfish co-culture cause environmental risks? Yes=1, no=2
    1.60 0.49
    主观规范
    Subjective norm
    邻里效应
    Neighborhood effect
    周边村民对您的稻虾共作模式采纳意愿是否有影响: 是=1, 否=2
    Does the neighbourhood have any influence on your willingness to adopt the rice-crayfish co-culture? Yes=1, no=2
    1.43 0.50
    政府宣传
    Government propaganda
    政府对稻虾共作模式是否进行宣传: 是=1; 否=2
    Does the government publicize the rice-crayfish co-culture? Yes=1, no=2
    1.53 0.50
    农技部门指导
    Agricultural technology department guidance
    农技部门是否开展稻虾共作技术指导: 是=1; 否=2
    Does agricultural technology department conduct technical guidance on rice-crayfish co-culture? Yes=1, no=2
    1.33 0.47
    知觉行为控制
    Perceived behavioral control
    政府补贴
    Policy subsidy
    政府对采纳稻虾共作模式是否有补贴: 是=1; 否=2
    Does the government subsidize the adoption of rice-crayfish co-culture? Yes=1, no=2
    1.27 0.44
    技术培训
    Technical training
    是否参加过稻虾共作相关技术培训: 是=1; 否=2
    Do you participate in any technical training of rice-crayfish co-culture? Yes=1, no=2
    1.42 0.50
    基础设施完备
    Complete infrastructure
    稻虾共作农田基础设施是否完备: 是=1; 否=2
    Does the infrastructure of rice-crayfish co-culture farmland complete? Yes=1, no=2
    1.24 0.43
    技术学习难易程度
    Difficulty of technical learning
    稻虾共作技术学习是否容易: 非常难=1, 较难=2, 一般=3, 较容易=4, 非常容易=5
    Is it easy to learn rice-crayfish co-culture technology? Very difficult=1, difficult=2, general=3, easy=4, very easy=5
    3.28 0.93
    控制变量
    Control variable
    性别 Gender 男=1, 女=2 Male=1, female=2 1.26 0.44
    年龄 Age 实际年龄(岁) Actual age (years) 54.78 10.77
    受教育程度
    Education
    文盲=1, 小学=2, 初中=3, 高中或中专=4, 大专及以上=5
    Illiterate=1, primary school=2, junior middle school=3, high school or secondary school=4, college or above=5
    2.65 1.07
    家庭耕地面积
    Area of arable land
    实际耕地面积
    Actual arable land area (hm2)
    96.72 126.39
    是否兼业
    Concurrent business
    是=1, 否=2
    Yes=1, no=2
    1.52 0.50
    新型农业经营主体
    New agricultural business entities
    是=1, 否=2
    Yes=1, no=2
    1.58 0.49
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  农户稻虾共作模式采纳意愿模型不同解释变量的Binary Logistic回归模型的估计结果

    Table  3.   Assignment of model variables and descriptive statistics of farmers’ willingness to adopt the rice-crayfish co-culture

    变量类型
    Variable category
    变量名称
    Variable name
    回归系数
    Regression
    coefficient
    标准误差
    Standard
    error
    Wald检验
    Wald test
    显著性
    Significant
    优势比
    Advantage
    ratio
    行为态度
    Attitude toward the behavior
    环境预期 Environmental expectations 0.152 0.261 0.582 0.560 1.164
    收益预期 Earnings expectations 1.092*** 0.258 4.226 0.000 2.979
    风险预期 Risk expectations −0.124 0.229 −0.542 0.588 0.883
    主观规范
    Subjective norm
    邻里效应 Neighborhood effect −0.784*** 0.237 −3.305 0.001 0.456
    政府宣传 Government propaganda −0.114 0.243 −0.467 0.640 0.892
    农技部门指导 Agricultural technology department guidance −0.321 0.251 −1.277 0.202 0.726
    知觉行为控制
    Perceived behavioral control
    政府补贴 Policy subsidy 0.539* 0.283 1.906 0.057 1.714
    技术培训 Technical training 1.522*** 0.226 6.733 0.000 4.581
    基础设施完备 Complete infrastructure 0.930** 1.129*** 0.297 3.799 0.000
    技术学习难易程度 Difficulty of technical learning 0.650*** −0.309** 0.134 −2.301 0.021
    控制变量
    Control variable
    性别 Gender −0.034 0.265 −0.129 0.897 0.966
    年龄 Age 0.004 0.011 0.377 0.706 1.004
    受教育程度 Education −0.284** 0.116 −2.455 0.014 0.753
    家庭耕地面积 Area of arable land −0.001 −0.001 0.001 −0.723 0.469
    是否兼业 Concurrent business −0.588** 0.235 −2.506 0.012 0.555
    新型农业经营主体 New agricultural business entities 1.768*** 1.254*** 0.246 5.101 0.000
      ***、**和*分别表示在P<1%、P<5%和P<10%水平上显著。***, ** and * represent the significance in the levels of P<1%, P<5% and P<10%, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不同限定条件下农户稻虾共作模式采纳意愿影响因素异质性

    Table  4.   Heterogeneity of farmers’ willingness to adopt the rice-crayfish co-culture mode under different conditions

    变量类型
    Variable
    category
    变量名称
    Variable
    name
    能增加收益
    Income
    increase
    未增加收益
    No increase
    in income
    受邻里效应
    影响大
    High
    neighborhood
    effect
    受邻里效应
    影响小
    Low
    neighborhood
    effect
    给予补贴
    Grant
    subsidies
    未给予补贴
    No
    subsidy
    参加培训
    Training
    未参加培训
    No training
    基础设施
    完备
    Complete
    infrastructure
    基础设施
    不完备
    Incomplete
    infrastructure
    技术学习
    较容易
    Technical
    learning
    is easier
    技术学习
    较难
    Technical
    learning is
    more difficult
    行为态度
    Attitude toward
    the behavior
    环境预期
    Environmental
    expectations
    1.96***
    收益预期
    Earnings
    expectations
    1.249*** 1.091*** 0.836*** 2.100*** 0.935*** 1.325*** 0.899*** 1.755** 1.184***
    风险预期
    Risk expectations
    1.622***
    主观规范
    Subjective
    norm
    邻里效应
    Neighborhood effect
    −0.647** −1.394** −1.126*** −1.077*** −0.568** −1.381** −2.192***
    政府宣传
    Government
    propaganda
    农技部门指导
    Agricultural
    technology
    department
    guidance
    −0.801** −1.407**
    知觉行为控制
    Perceived
    behavioral
    control
    政府补贴
    Policy subsidy
    1.986** 1.344*** 2.464***
    技术培训
    Technical training
    1.443*** 2.459*** 1.229*** 1.956*** 1.455*** 1.922*** 1.415*** 2.245*** 1.962***
    基础设施完备
    Complete infrastructure
    0.981*** 2.307*** 2.747*** 1.241*** 0.981** 1.430***
    技术学习难易程度
    Difficulty of
    technical learning
    −0.889*** −0.727*** 0.689* −0.630*** −0.562***
    控制变量
    Control variable
    性别
    Gender
    年龄 Age −0.070*
    受教育程度 Education −0.718** −0.470*** −1.113*** −0.446*** −0.347*** −0.364***
    家庭耕地面积
    Area of arable land
    0.018***
    是否兼业
    Concurrent business
    −0.838*** −1.052*** −0.500* −1.109*** −0.532* −1.331**
    新型农业经营主体
    New agricultural
    business entities
    1.100*** 2.273*** 0.761** 1.501*** 1.427*** 1.078* 1.628*** 1.081*** 1.313*** 1.132*** 2.537***
      ***、**和*分别表示在P<1%、P<5%和P<10%水平上显著。***, ** and * represent the significance in the levels of P<1%, P<5% and P<10%, respectively.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-09
  • 录用日期:  2021-06-10
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-15
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-01

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